Challenges Faced by Teachers and Students while Shifting from Face to Face Mode to Virtual Classroom during Pandemic Time: An Empirical Analysis of Indian Higher Education

Prof Ajay kumar Singh, mukesh kumar meena


Due to this higher education institutes/colleges/universities had also closed temporarily. The objective of this study was to analyze the major challenges faced by the teachers and students from the virtual classroom during the nationwide lockdown.A total of 893 responses have been used for this study. We have collected data through a structured questionnaire on a Likert scale from 305 teachers and 588 students of higher education institutes/colleges/universities from all India levels. Network connectivity was the major challenge faced by the faculty members with a mean value of 3.68 followed by 3.17 mean value for Lack of Professional Environment at Home, 3.03 for Lack of Teaching Material at Home, 2.92 for Lack of Personal Computer/Laptop. And Lack of Professional Environment at Home with a mean value 3.59 was the major challenge faced by the students followed by 3.57 for Lack of Teaching Material at Home, 3.35 for Network Connectivity, 3.31 for Lack of Personal Computer/Laptop. The findings of this study will help higher education authorities, university administration, colleges administration, and the teacher in effectively implementing the virtual classroom during this pandemic. This study will help the higher education authorities to reduce the challenges of the virtual classroom.


virtual classroom, COVID-19, pandemic, higher education, challenges, teaching-learning process, teachers, students.


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