The Development and Validation of The Principal Innovation Leadership Scale in Malaysian Secondary Schools

Dayang Rafidah Syariff M Fuad, Khalip Musa, Hamidah Yusof, Zahari Hashim


Multiple variables were used in each researcher's instrument due to differences in concept and understanding of innovation leadership in different fields. As a result, this instrument was developed to fill in the gaps in academicians' and scholars' assessment of the concept of innovation leadership, especially in the sense of education. The objectives of this paper are to explain the process of the instrument development and validation of the face and content validity for the purposed dimensions and items. All the constructs generated through a rigorous literature review performed. Six experts involved to validate the face and content validity of this instrument. The validation of content validity is using the content validity index (CVI) and Modified Kappa statistics. All the items above the cut-off point of 0.8 retained as a final instrument. Therefore, from the 58 items, four items deleted as it's not reached the level of agreement between all the experts. The final instruments for further validation consisted of 54 items which fell under eight dimensions namely (1) creative behaviour; (2) ideal influence; (3) effective communication; (4) technical skills; (5) empowerment and mentoring; (6) entrepreneurship; (7) opening behaviour and; (8) closing behaviour were identified. As a result, the final instrument may be used for further validation.


Face validity, Content validity, Instrument development, Innovation leadership, Principal leadership


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