Single Subject Research in Mild mentally Retarded Students: Increasing the Ability to Recognize Numbers with the help of Number Card Media

I Istiqomah, Rika Yuliani, Rooselyna Ekawati, Sri Adi Widodo

Abstract


Mentally retarded is a mental disorder with an IQ between 55-70, besides that mentally retarded children are only able to think concretely. For this reason, learning mathematics for mentally retarded students requires learning media that can bridge abstract mathematical material with the abilities of mentally retarded children who are only able to think concretely. The objective of this study was to improve the recognition of 1-20 numbers using number cards for students with mild mental retardation. The research used is single subject research method with basic design non reversal. Study subjects were selected based on a purposive sampling technique, as the researcher had to look for subjects with mild mental retardation. Data collection techniques use documentation to find out subjects with mild mental retardation characteristics, and tests to determine the subject's ability to recognize numbers 1-20. The results of this study indicate that the number card media can improve the ability of mild mentally retarded students to recognize numbers 1-20. This can be seen from the average in the baseline phase of 39 with a percentage of the ability to recognize numbers of 33.3%, and in the intervention phase of 74.44 with a percentage of the ability to recognize numbers of 88.89%.

Keywords


Mental Retardation; Card of Number; Number; Single Subject Research

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