Researching professional EFL lecturers in the industry 4.0: A curriculum perspective

Habiburrahim Habiburrahim, Saiful Akmal, Ika Kana Trisnawati, Suryanto Suryanto, Maira Mustiranda, Safrul Muluk


The issue of professional EFL lecturers in the Industrial Revolution 4.0 (IR 4.0) era has received considerable attention. However, very few studies on this subject have been conducted in Indonesia, particularly at State Islamic Universities. To address this gap, researchers conducted a qualitative study in which we examine how EFL lecturers maintain their professionalism in the IR 4.0 era and the curriculum approach that best meets current teaching and learning needs. The researchers applied a purposive sampling approach in selecting the participants for this study. Eleven EFL lecturers from a state Islamic university in Banda Aceh, Indonesia were chosen to participate in this study. The findings of this study indicate that EFL lecturers must continue to learn and improve their digital and technological competency in order to maintain their professionalism. In terms of curriculum approach, EFL lecturers believe that taking an interdisciplinary approach and providing more opportunities for students to focus on applied skills are essential parts of their teaching professionalism in the IR 4.0 era.


Professional Lecturers, EFL Lecturers, Industry Revolution 4.0, Curriculum Development, Islamic Higher Education


Marcel, F., "Mobile augmented reality learning objects in higher education," Research in Learning Technology, vol. 27, no. 2133, pp. 1-10, 2019.

Husna, N., & Nurhayati., "Pengembangan pembelajaran scientific berbasis multipresentasi untuk menunjang pemeblajaran matematika dalam kurikulum 2013," Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika Indonesia, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 74–80, 2018.

Ellahi, R., Khan, M. A., & Shah, A., "Redesigning curriculum in line with Industry 4.0," Procedia Computer Science, vol. 151, pp. 699–708, 2019.

Collins, R., "Skills for the 21st century: Teaching higher order thinking," Curriculum Leadership Journal. An Electronic Journal for Leaders in Education, vol. 12, no. 14, pp.1-8, 2014.

Zervoudi, K., & Evanthia., Fourth Industrial Revolution: Opportunities, Challenges, and Proposed Policies. In Industrial Robotics - New Paradigms. IntechOpen, 2020.

Habiburrahim, Orrell, J., & Conway, R., Integrating Graduate Attributes Into Islamic Higher Education Curricula in Aceh, Indonesia. In Publishing Higher Degree Research (pp. 145–154). The Netherland, SensePublishers, 2016.

Darling-Hammond, L., Teaching and educational transformation. In A. Hargreaves, A. Lieberman, M. Fullan & D. Hopkins (Eds.), Second international handbook of educational change. New York: Springer, 2010.

Gibbs, G., Implications of “Dimensions of quality” in a market environment. UK: The Higher Education Academy, 2012.

Evans, H. E., Provincial human development report Aceh, 2010: Human Development and People Empowerment. In United Nations Development Programme Indonesia, 2010.

Levy, F., "How technology changes demands for human skills". OECD Education Working Paper, vol. 33, no. 45, pp. 1–18, 2010.

Marwala, T., Artificial intelligence techniques for rational decision making. Springer., 2014.

Afrianto., "Being a professional teacher in the era of industrial revolution 4.0: opportunities, challenges and strategies for innovative classroom practices," English Language Teaching and Research, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1-13, 2018.

Ahmad, S., "Exploring lecturers’ readiness for 21st century education in Malaysian higher learning institutions," European Journal of Teaching and Education. vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 15-29, 2019.

Novauli. M, F., "Kompetensi guru dalam peningkatan prestasi belajar pada SMP Negeri dalam kota Banda Aceh. Jurnal Administrasi Pendidikan : Program Pascasarjana Unsyiah, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 45–67, 2015.

Mâţă, L., & Suciu, A. I., "Curricular innovative model focused on developing pedagogical competences of teachers of language and communication," Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 12, pp. 274–282, 2011.

Madhavaram, S., & Laverie, D. A., "Developing pedagogical competence: Issues and implications for marketing education. Journal of Marketing Education, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 197–213, 2010.

Samani, M., Pedoman penyusunan portofolio. In Direktorat jenderal pendidikan tinggi kementerian pendidikan nasional. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008.

Wibowo, A., & Hamrin., Menjadi guru berkarakter: Strategi membangun kompetensi & karakter guru. Pustaka Pelajar, 2012.

Haryanti, S., "Peningkatan profesionalisme dosen di era MEA,", 2016.

Yin, R. K., Case study research and applications: Design and methods (6th ed.). Sage Publications, 2018.

Weiser, E. B., "Gender differences in Internet use patterns and Internet application preferences: A two-sample comparison," CyberPsychology & Behavior, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 167–178, 2000.

Thanuskodi, S., " Gender differences in internet usage among college students: A comparative study," Library Philosophy and Practice (e-Journal), pp. 11–17, 2013.

Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D., Research design: Qualitative, quantitative & mixed methods approaches (5th ed.). Sage Publications, 2018.

Monette, D. R., Sullivan, T. J., & DeJong, C. R., Applied social research: A tool for the human services (9th ed.). Cengage Learning, 2011.

Corbin, J., & Strauss, A., Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2015.

Richards, L., Handling qualitative data: A practical guide (2nd ed.). Sage Publications, 2009.

Mukminin, A., Habibi, A., Marzulina, L., Sirozi, M., Harto, K., & Sumatra, S., "Learning to teach in a digital age: ICT integration and EFL student teachers’ teaching," Teaching English with Technology, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 18–32, 2018.

Harefa, A., Membangkitkan etos professionalism. Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2004.

Muluk, S., Habiburrahim, H., Zulfikar, T., Orrell, J., & Mujiburrahman, M., "Developing generic skills at an Islamic higher education institution curriculum in Aceh, Indonesia," Higher Education, Skills and Work-Based Learning, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 445–455, 2019.

Brown, C. S., Cheddie, T. N., Horry, L. F., & Monk, J. E., "Training to be an early childhood professional: Teacher candidates’ perceptions about their education and training. Journal of Education and Training Studies, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 177, 2017.

Yoke, S. K., Shaping education for future employment. The New Straits Times., 2018.

Peredrienko, T., Belkina, O., & Yaroslavova, E., "New language learning environment: employers’ - Learners’ expectations and the role of teacher 4.0. International Journal of Instruction, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 105–118, 2020.

Bosch, G., "Train PhD students to be thinkers not just specialists," Nature, vol. 554, no. 7692, pp. 277, 2018.

Gardiner, P., "Learning to think together: Creativity, interdisciplinary collaboration and epistemic control," Thinking Skills and Creativity, vol. 38, pp. 1–17, 2020.

Tan, O. S., "Flourishing creativity: education in an age of wonder," Asia Pacific Education Review, vol. 16, no.2, pp. 161–166, 2015.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE)
p-ISSN: 2252-8822, e-ISSN: 2620-5440

View IJERE Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.