Knowledge and Attitudes about Research Ethics among Social Researcher in Vietnam: a Cross-Sectional Study

Kham Tran, Cuong Huy Pham, Nam Thanh Tran, Lan Thi Thai Nguyen, Nhung Thi Kim Nguyen


Background: Social research has attracted significant attention in Vietnam during recent years with more questions and discussions about how to promote the research outputs and publications in this area; however there is limited information about the knowledge and attitudes of social researchers for research ethics in Vietnam. This paper aims to assess the knowledge and attitudes of social researchers about research ethics in Vietnam.

Methods: A survey with 1200 questionnaires, through convenience sampling, was sent either printed copies or email to social researchers in the universities and research institutions in Vietnam.

Results: Our response rate was 65% (782), with mean age: 35.9 years (sd=.307). The results show that around one fifth had been trained with research ethics (23.5%), which led to significant responses to the "do not know" about the research ethics principles and research ethics committee with 14.3% and 55.3%, respectively. Despite such few experiences on the research ethics, the participants presented a positive understanding of the general principles of research ethics and positive attitudes to the importance of the related general ethics principles to social research in Vietnam. Such understandings and attitudes also led to the readiness to apply the research ethics values and principles while there are no formal ethical guidelines in Vietnam social research.

Conclusion: These findings suggest that Vietnamese social researchers understood most critical ethics principles in social research and expect formal ethical guidelines



Social Research Ethics; Research Ethics Value; Research Ethics Principle; Vietnam Social Research; Vietnam


P. C. Sarker and U. K. Das, "Ethics in Social Research and Its Impact on Policy Implication, Planning and Development," Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 40-40, 2020.

W. Anderson, "National Statement on Ethical Conduct in Human Research," 2011.

W. L. Neuman and K. Robson, Basics of social research. Pearson Canada Toronto, 2014.

S. Ketefian, "Ethical considerations in research. Focus on vulnerable groups," Investigación y Educación en Enfermería, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 164-172, 2015.

J. Mollet, "Ethical issues in social science research in developing countries: Useful or symbolic," in Transmission of academic values in Asian Studies workshop (2009: Australian National University, Canberra, ACT), 2011: The Australia-Netherlands Research Collaboration (ANRC).

D. Koepsell, W.-P. Brinkman, and S. Pont, "Human research ethics committees in technical universities," Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 67-73, 2014.

Ministry of Health. "Research Ethics Committee in Medical Sciences." (accessed 10 March, 2021).

Tra Vinh University. "Regulation on the reference guideline and preventing plagialism." (accessed 10 March, 2021).

Vietnam National University-Hanoi. "DoIT: A software on preventing the plagiarism." (accessed 20 March, 2021).

Vietnam National University-HCMC. "Regulation on citation and preventing plagiarism at the University of Social Sciences and Humanities." (accessed 29 March, 2020).

Vietnam National University-HCMC. "Regulation on ethical principles on doing research at Vietnam National University-Ho Chi Minh City." (accessed 10 December, 2020).

VNU-University of Education. "Decision on establishing the research ethic committee and the regulation of research ethics at VNU-University of Education." (accessed 10 December, 2020).

V. K. Tran and H. C. Pham, "Đạo đức nghiên cứu khoa học xã hội: Sơ lược về lịch sử phát triển và những nền tảng lý luận," VNU Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 434-449, 2018.

Bao Nhu. "The neccessary of human research ethic committee/Sự cần thiết của Hội đồng đạo đức trong nghiên cứu." (accessed 10 March, 2020).

Phạm Quang Minh and Nguyen Van Chinh, "How to develop the journal of social sciences and humanities at international level?/ Làm gì để phát triển tạp chí KHXH&NV theo chuẩn mực quốc tế?," Tia Sáng, vol. 1/2019, 2019. [Online]. Available:

E. M. Akpabio and I. F. Esikot, "Social sciences and research ethics in developing countries: The perspective from Nigeria," African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 231-241, 2014.

N. Morris, "Providing ethical guidance for collaborative research in developing countries," Research ethics, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 211-235, 2015.

H. W. Al Zou’bi, M. Khatatbeh, K. H. Alzoubi, O. F. Khabour, and W. K. Al-Delaimy, "Attitudes and knowledge of adolescents in Jordan regarding the ethics of social media data use for research purposes," Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, vol. 15, no. 1-2, pp. 87-96, 2020.

J. Huang, Y. Zhou, and T. Sheeran, "Educational researchers’ ethical responsibilities and human subjects’ ethical awareness: implications for research ethics education in China," Ethics & Behavior, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 321-334, 2021.

H. F. El-Dessouky, A. M. Abdel-Aziz, C. Ibrahim, M. Moni, R. Abul Fadl, and H. Silverman, "Knowledge, awareness, and attitudes about research ethics among dental faculty in the Middle East: A pilot study," International journal of dentistry, vol. 2011, 2011.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE)
p-ISSN: 2252-8822, e-ISSN: 2620-5440

View IJERE Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.