NATIONAL IDENTITY: PREDICTION MODEL OF RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LANGUAGE DECENCY AND LANGUAGE CHARACTER

Rosmaria BINTI Omar

Abstract


The expression of decency in communication triggers individual character such as caliber, educated, and polite as important aspect information of national identity. In the Malay language education context, language decency always applies during learning sessions without limitation. But, how far it can shape the generation’s identity is still vague. The aim of this research is to thorough the relationship of language education decency with language character among students in public and private universities. Source of research data was obtained through survey method on 380 students from five universities which were UPM, UPSI, UIA, UTAR, and USAS. The data had been collected by using the google form platform randomly with cooperation from university representatives. The quantitative data were analyzed by using SPSS and Amos software through methods of correlation and regression analysis by Structural Equation Modelling (SEM). Findings showed that the most decency form used by students was words with a value of β = .67, p = .000. Language decency education had contributed 80% of R2 value for language character among students. Prediction model of the relationship between decency language and character language had achieved equivalence value which RMSEA = .067, GFI = .977, CFI = .995, TLI = .991 and Chisq/df = 2.682. Therefore, a factor of decency language that has been applying among students in Malay language course can contribute to the young generation with nice language character which is one of the elements in integrated national identity.

Keywords


Malay language education, national identity, language decency, language character

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v11i2.22430

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