The Core Aspects of Teacher Textbook’s Content: An Analysis on Teacher’s Needs

Fahmi Fahmi, Bambang Widi Pratolo, Azwar Abbas


The aspects of teacher textbook’s content received less concern among the teachers, academicians, and researchers. Therefore, the present study was carried out to investigate the core aspects of the content of teacher textbook based on teachers’ needs. Three experienced-teachers from different Junior High School in Yogyakarta (Indonesia) were involved at the present study. Namely, Madrasah Mu’alimin Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, SMP Muhammadiyah 2 Prambanan, and SMP Muhammadiyah Pleret. The study used a descriptive qualitative method. A need analysis was carried out to obtained the data through semi-structured interviewed. The data was collected and analyzed through coding and categorizing techniques based on the questions category. The result and findings of the study showed that there are nine core aspects needed by the teachers which should be included in teacher textbook’s content. Based on the findings of the study, the core aspects are: Appearance Design/Layout, Procedures in Teaching, Material Explanation, Teaching Aids, Teaching and Learning Assessment, Time Allocation, Example of classroom language and key answer. These aspects are purely based on an analysis on teachers’ needs and expectations. The researchers point-out that this investigation is fruitful to carry out since it syncronizes the content of teacher textbook and the needs of the teachers which provide the teachers a set of ready-made procedures or steps in teaching. The present study strongly supports any other researchers to investigate other important aspects which can make the content of teacher textbook more resourceful.


English Textbook; Teacher Textbook’s Content; Core Aspects; Teacher’s Needs


Cunningsworth, A. Choosing your Coursebook. Oxford: Hinemann, 1995.

Harmer, J. How to Teach English. Cambridge: Addison Wesley Longman Ltd., 2007.

Diniah, S. N. “Teacher’s Perceptions towards the Use of English Textbook in EFL Classrooms.” Journal of English and Education, Vol.1(2), pp.72-81, 2013.

Lansdford, L. Role Teachers Book for English Academic Purpose. 2014. Available at (Accessed on December 10th, 2020).

Richards, J. C. Curriculum Development in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

Hutchinson, T. and Waters, A. English for Special Purpose. A Learning Centred Approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Menggo, S., Suasta, I. M., Budiarsa, M., & Padmadewi, N. N. “Needs Analysis of Academic-English Speaking Material in Promoting 21st Century Skills.” International Journal of Instruction, Vol.12(2), pp.739-754, 2019.

Kong, Yuan. “A Study of EMP Curriculum Reform Based on the Need Analysis.” Journal of Language Teaching and Research, Vol.9(4), pp.869-875, 2018. DOI:

Indrasari, N. “English for Specific Purposes: A Need Analysis at The Second Semester of Physics Education Students of IAIN Raden Intan Lampung in The Academic Year of 2015/2016.” English Education: Jurnal Tadris Bahasa Inggris, Vol.9 (1), pp.161-172. 2016.

Rashidi, N. and Kehtarfard, R. “A Needs Analysis Approach to the Evaluation of Iranian Third-Grade High School English Textbook.” SAGE Open, pp.1–9, 2014. DOI:10.1177/2158244014551709.

Andi, K. and Arafah, B. “Using Needs Analysis to Develop English Teaching Materials in Initial Sppeaking Skills for Indonesian.” The Turkish Online Jourrnal of Design, Art and Communication, (Special edition), pp.419-437, 2017.

Mubar, M. K. N. A. “Developing English Learning Materials for Young Learners Based on Needs Analysis at MTSN Model Makassar.” English Teaching Learning and Research Journal (ETERNAL), Vol.12(8), 2015. DOI:

Puspitasari, I. “Developing English for Tourism Materials through Stakeholders’ Need Analysis.” English Review: Journal of English Education, Vol.7(1), pp.147-156, 2018. doi: 10.25134/erjee.v7iL.1534.

Safitri, M., and Tyas P. A. “An Analysis of English Textbook Entitled Bahasa Inggris SMA/MA SMK/MAK Kelas X.” Journal of English Education Society, 4(1), 2019. doi: 10.21070/jees.v4/1.1777

Dubin, F. and Olstain, Elite. Course Design. Developing Program and Materials for Language Learning. Cambridge: Cambridge University, 1986.

Rahmiani, N., Salam, U., Supardi, I. “Developing a Supplementary Material of Malay Tourism for Vocational Students in Pontianak, West Kalimantan.” Script Journal: Journal of Linguistic and English Teaching, Vol.3(2), pp.127-145, 2018.

Feez, S. and Joyce, H. Text-Based Syllabus Design. National Centre for English Language Teaching, 2002.

Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. Resear4ch Method in Education. London: Routledge/Falmer, 2010.

Nation I. S. P. & Macalister, JLanguage Curriculum Design. New York & London: Routledge, . 2010.

Blaxter, L., Hughes, C., & Tight, M. How to Research (2nd Ed.) Buckingham: Open University Press, 2006.

Harizaj, M. and Hajrulla V. “Selecting and Developing Teaching and Learning Materials in EFL Classes.” Philosophy, Social and Human Disciplines, Vol. 2, pp.59-66, 2018.

Park, M., & Huffman, S. “Developing an Aeronautical English Training Unit Based on the ADDIE Model in an EFL Content.” The Especialist, Vol.41(4), pp.1-23, 2020. doi: 2318-7115.2020v41i4a6

Cresswell. John W. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approach (4th ed.). California, US: SAGE Publications, Inc., 2014.

Leshin, C. B., Pollock, J., & Relgeluth, C. M. Instructional Design Strategies and Tactics. New Jersey, USA: Educational Technology Publications, Inc., 1994.

Musfah, J., and Erviani, D. “School of Master Teacher (SMT) Training: Developing Teachers’ Pedagogic Competence.” Tarbiya: Journal of Education in Muslim Society, Vol.5(2), pp.126-134. 2018.

Holguin, B. R, & Morales, J. A. “Materials Development in the Colombian Context: Some Considerations About Its Benefits And Challenges.” How, A Columbian Journal for Teachers of English, Vol.21(2), pp.134-150, 2014.

Muslem, A., & Abbas, M. “The Effectiveness of Immersive Multimedia Learning with Peer Support on English Speaking And Reading Aloud.” International Journal of Instruction, Vol.10(01), pp.203-218, 2017.

Khotimah, K. “Video Project in ESP Classroom: A Way to Promote Autonomous Learning in A Big Class.” The Asian EFL Journal, TESOL Indonesia International Conference Edition, Vol.8, pp.73-78, 2017.

Syafi’i, M. L. “Developing Listening Materials for the Tenth Graders.” JEELS, Vol.3(10), pp.63-84, 2016.

Suryani, R. W. “ When English Rings The Bells: An English Textbook Analysis.” English Language Teaching and Research.Vol. 2(1), pp.258-268, 2018.

Ahour, T., & Ahmadi, E. “Retrospective eveluation of textbook Summit 2B for its suitability for EFL undergraduate students.” Book of Proceedings of the Indernational Conference on Human and Social Sciences, Vol.6(2), pp.176-184, 2012.

Gak, Dragana M. Textbook-An Important Element in the Teaching Process. Novi Sad: FTN: Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Sad, 2011.

Trnova, E. “IBSe and Creativity Development.” Science Education International, Vol.25(1), pp.8-18, 2014.

Sitar, A., Cerne, M., Aleksic, D., & Mihelic, K. K. “Individual learning styles and creativity.” Creativity Research Journal, Vol.28(3), pp.334-341, 2016.

Bhanegaonkar, M., & Mahfoodh, M. “New Approach for Evaluating EFLM: An Electric Developed Checklist.” International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Vol.3(10), pp.1-8, 2013.

Kumar, R. S., & Subramaniam, K. “From ‘Following’ to Going Beyond the Textbook: Inservice Indian Mathematics Teachers’ Professional Development for Teaching Integers.” Australian Journal of Teacher Education, Vol.40(12), pp. 7-18, 2015.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE)
p-ISSN: 2252-8822, e-ISSN: 2620-5440

View IJERE Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.