Evaluating the research productivity of a state university in Central Luzon, Philippines: Basis for policy recommendations

Danilo V. Rogayan Jr., Luz N. Corpuz

Abstract


Research is one of the four-fold functions of a university and is considered the most critical function of higher education institutions (HEIs). However, research productivity remains to be low among Philippine HEIs as compared to its neighboring countries. This descriptive study evaluates the research productivity of a state university in Central Luzon, Philippines, for the past five years (2016-2020) as basis for policy formulation. The study used document analysis to ascertain the research productivity in terms of (1) number of papers published in refereed international journals such as Scopus and CHED (Commission on Higher Education) accredited journals; (2) number of faculty researchers with publication to these journals; and (3) total number of citations. The data were obtained primarily from online publications found in the Google Scholar and Scopus databases. Results revealed that the state university's research productivity is relatively high in terms of published papers in refereed international journals for the past five years. However, the published papers in Scopus-indexed journals and CHED accredited journals are relatively low. An average number of faculty researchers publish their works in reputable journals, but very few faculty publish in the journals recommended by the CHED. Likewise, the university had a remarkable research citation record for the past five years.  The findings of this research have important implications for policy to improve research productivity and enhance the research culture in HEIs. Such policies include the need to have strong support to faculty researchers, forge research collaborations, source external research funding, and establish a sound incentive mechanism.

Keywords


Policy recommendations; Publication; performance Research; Research culture; Research productivity

References


L. R. Vinluan, “Research productivity in education and psychology in the Philippines and comparison with ASEAN countries,” Scientometrics, vol. 91, no. 1, pp. 277-294. 2012. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-011-0496-5

UNESCO, “World declaration on higher education for the twenty-first century: Vision and action,” 1998. [Online]. Available: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000141952

CHED, National higher education research agenda (NHERA) 2 2009-2018. Commission on Higher Education, 2009.

R. M. Salazar-Clemeña, “Higher education research in the Philippines: Policies, practices, and problems,” In V. Meek & C. Suwanwela, Higher Education, Research, and Knowledge in the Asia-Pacific Region (pp. 185-200). New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006. doi: https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230603165_10

CHED, “Higher education data and indicators: AY 2009-10 to AY 2019-20,” 2020. [Online]. Available: https://ched.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/Higher-Education-Data-and-Indicators-AY-2009-10-to-AY-2019-20.pdf

British Council, “Research performance in South-East Asia,” 2015. [Online]. Available: https://www.britishcouncil.org/sites/default/files/5.4_research_performance_seasia.pdf

Cornell University, INSEAD, and WIPO, The Global Innovation Index 2020: Who Will Finance Innovation?. Ithaca, Fontainebleau, and Geneva, 2020.

Scimago Institutions Ranking, “Scimajor journal and country rank,” 2020. [Online]. Available: https://www.scimagojr.com/countryrank.php?region=Asiatic%20Region

C.C. Deocaris, “Strengthening Philippine academe-industry collaboration through CHED research & extension programs,” 2018. [Online]. Available: https://chedro1.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/Dr.-Ceocaris-CHED-Acad-Industry_PAGE_April-13.pdf

L. B. Capulso, “Research productivity of select secondary schools in central luzon, Philippines,” Journal of World Englishes and Educational Practices, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 1-11, 2020.

A. M. Wong, “Driving forces of master teachers’ research capability: Towards building a research culture in the division of Romblon, Philippines,” International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications, vol. 3, no. 7, pp. 92-97, 2019.

E. V. Gamusa and E. T. Pacolor, “Research productivity of SUC managers in Eastern Visayas, Philippines, and their leadership orientation,” Journal of Academic Research, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 23-30, 2019.

J. O Etcuban, G. R. Andrin, M. M. Niñal, B. S. Campanilla, A. M. Dinauanao, P. J. D. Macugay and G. A. Belarmino, “Research productivity among faculty members of the university of Cebu, Philippines.” JPAIR Institutional Research, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 20-40, 2016.

J. M. Mantikayan and M. A. Abdulgani, “Factors affecting faculty research productivity: Conclusions from a critical review of the literature,” JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research, vol. 31, no. 1, 2018.

M. A. T. Quimbo and E. C. Sulabo, “Research productivity and its policy implications in higher education institutions,” Studies in Higher Education, vol. 39, no. 10, pp. 1955-1971, 2014. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2013.818639

J. S. Barrot, “Research impact and productivity of Southeast Asian countries in language and linguistics,” Scientometrics, vol. 110, no. 1, pp. 1-15, 2017.

I. A. Navarrete and V. B. Asio, “Research productivity in soil science in the Philippines,” Scientometrics, pp. 100, no. 1, pp. 261-272, 2014.

C. N. Reyes and J. A. L. Reyes, “Exploring publication productivity in the Philippines: A 10-year gendered analysis of six academic disciplines,” Asia-Pacific Social Science Review, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 26-45, 2015.

D.C. Bueno, “Research and publish or hibernate? Analysis of the limiting factors towards scientific productivity among professorial lecturers in the Philippines,” CC The Journal: A Multidisciplinary Research Review, vol. 14, pp. 1-13, 2019.

R. Suson, R. Capuno, R. Manalastas, N. Malabago, A. G. Aranas, E. Ermac and J.J. Tenerife, “Educational research productivity road map: Conclusions from the identified research barriers and variables,” Cypriot Journal of Educational Sciences, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 1160-1175, 2020.

S. Wa-Mbaleka and M. Gomez, “State funding of research in the Philippines: processes and stakeholders’ experiences,” Prism, vol. 22, no. 1, 2017.

C. Regadio and T. Tullao, “The role of government in enhancing research productivity of SUCs and private HEIs in the Philippines,” In Proceedings from DLSU Research Congress. Manila: DLSU Press, 2015.

H. G. Ceballos, J. Fangmeyer Jr., N. Galeano, E. Juarez and F. J. Cantu-Ortiz, “Impelling research productivity and impact through collaboration: a scientometric case study of knowledge management,” Knowledge Management Research & Practice, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 346-355, 2017.

M. C. Mani, E. G. Fetalvero, L. G. Foja and A. F. Formento, “Research capability building–a strategy to promote research culture in SUCs and countryside development: The Romblon State College experience,” Philippine Association of Research Managers, Inc., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 147-165, 2010.

J. Meneses and N. Moreno, “Factors influencing research productivity of Rizal Technological University: input to research capability development program,” International Journal of Education and Research, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 85-110, 2019.

B. Teehankee, Building research culture in Philippines higher education: A systems action research approach, Manila, Philippines, 2015.

C. Saloma, “Measuring the performance of the Philippine scientific enterprise system,” Public Policy, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 122-161, 2016.

E. A. Obuku, J. N. Lavis, A. Kinengyere, R. Ssenono, M. Ocan, D. K. Mafigiri, F. Ssengooba, C. Karamagi and N. K. Sewankambo, “A systematic review on academic research productivity of postgraduate students in low-and middle-income countries,” Health research policy and systems, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 1-8, 2018.

F. Bernardo, Management of colleges and universities of science and technology. UPLB Foundation, Inc, 2006.

J. C. Anito Jr., A. A. Limjap and R. C. Padagas, “Praxis for accelerated improvement in research (PAIR),” International Journal of Higher Education, vol. 9, no. 3, 2020.

S. Wa-Mbaleka, “Factors leading to limited faculty publications in Philippine higher education institutions.” International Forum, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 121-141, 2015.

H. F. Moed, Citation analysis in research evaluation. Dordrecht: Springer, 2005.

R. Whitley, “Changing governance of the public sciences,” In R. Whitley & J. Glaser (Eds.), The changing governance of the sciences: The advent of research evaluation systems (pp. 3–27). Dordrecht: Springer, 2007.

A. Darmadji, L. D. Prasojo, F. A. Kusumaningrum and Y. Andriansyah, “Research productivity and international collaboration of top Indonesian universities,” Current Science, vol. 115, no. 4, pp. 653-658, 2018.




DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v11i1.22099

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE)
p-ISSN: 2252-8822, e-ISSN: 2620-5440

View IJERE Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.