The correlation of the understanding of indonesian history, multiculturalism, and historical awareness to students’ nationalistic attitudes

Muhammad Basri, Johan Setiawan, Marzius Insani, Muhammad Rijal Fadli, Kian Amboro, Kuswono Kuswono

Abstract


This study aims to analyze the relationship between understanding Indonesian history, multiculturalism, and historical awareness with the nationalist attitudes of state high school students in Yogyakarta. This type of research is correlational research with a quantitative approach. The sample consisted of 126 students, data collection used tests and questionnaires. The test was used to reveal data about understanding Indonesian history and multiculturalism, while the questionnaire was used for revealing students’ historical awareness and nationalistic attitudes. The validity of the instrument used a biserial point correlation test and a reliability test with the KR-20 formula. The data then were analyzed by using the quantitative descriptive analysis technique. The pre-requisite analysis consisted of the normality test, linearity test, and multicollinearity test. The hypothesis testing used product-moment correlation, multiple correlation, relative contribution, and effective contribution. The results show that: there is a positive and significant relationship between understanding of Indonesian history, multiculturalism, and historical awareness with students' nationalism so that history learning will be much more meaningful if these four concepts are used as the objectives of history learning.

Keywords


History; Multiculturalism; Awareness; Attitudes

References


. Adesugba A. & Tinuke, T. (2019). Curriculum development and multicultural education in the Nigerian educational system. Journal of Scientific Research and Studies, 6 (4), 46-53. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/334274614_Curriculum_development_and_multicultural_education_in_the_Nigerian_educational_system.

. Andrews, R., McGlynn, C., & Mycock, A. (2010). National pride and students’ attitudes towards history: Anexploratory study. Educational Studies, 36 (3), 299-309 https://doi.org/10.1080/03055690903424782.

. Alanay, H. & Aydin, H. (2016). Multicultural Education: The Challenges and Attitudes of Undergraduate Students in Turkey. Education and Science, 41 (184), 169-191. https://doi.org/10.15390/EB.2016.6146.

. Alfulaila, N., Haryadi., Sudrajat, A., & Nashrullah. (2019). The Effectiveness of Multicultural Approach In Writing Achievement of Indonesian Language Among Elementary School Students. Cakrawala Pendidikan, 38, (2), 366-376. https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v38i2.23440.

. Aman. (2009). Kesadaran Sejarah dan Nasionalisme: Pengalaman Indonesia (Historical Awareness and Nationalism: The Indonesian Experience). Jurnal Informasi, 35 (2), 13-25. https://doi.org/10.21831/informasi.v2i2.6386.

. Aman. (2011). Model evaluasi pembelajaran sejarah (Historical learning evaluation model). Yogyakarta: Ombak.

. Aydin, H. (2012). Multicultural education curriculum development in Turkey. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 3 (3), 277-286. https://doi.org/10.5901/mjss.2012.v3n3p277.

. Aydin, H. (2013). Educational reform in Nigeria: the case of Multicultural Education for Peace, Love, and Tolerance. South African Journal of Education, 33 (1), 1-14. http://www.sajournalofeducation.co.za/index.php/saje/index.

. Aydin, H. (2013). A Literature-based Approaches on Multicultural Education. Anthropologist, 16 (1-2), 31-44. https://doi.org/10.1080/09720073.2013.11891333.

. Babatunde, M.M.O., Dada, R.M., & Eyo, O.J. (2016). The Versatility of Multicultural Education and its Challenges. International Journal of Capacity Building in Education and Management, 3 (1), 51-58. http://rcmss.com/2016/ijcbem/july/The%20Versatility%20of%20Multicultural%20Education%20and%20its%20Challenges.pdf.

. Brown, K.D. (2019). Race, Racial Cultural Memory and Multicultural Curriculum in an Obama "Post·Racial". Race, Gender & Class, 18, (3-4), 123-134. https://www.jstor.org/stable/43496837.

. Colombo, M. (2013). Pluralism in Education and the multicultural reality of the schools. How do Italian teachers react. Italian Journal of Sociology of Education, 5 (2), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.13140/2.1.4578.4964.

. Demir, N. & Yurdakul, B. (2015). The examination of the required multicultural education characteristics in curriculum design. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 174, 3651–3655. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.1085.

. Fatmawati, L., Pratiwi, R.D., & Erviana, V.Y. (2017). Pengembangan modul Pendidikan Multikultural berbasis Karakter Cinta Tanah Air dan Nasionalis pada Pembelajaran Tematik (Development of a Multicultural Education module based on Love for the Fatherland and Nationalist Characters in Thematic Learning). Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 8 (1), 80-92. https://doi.org/10.24246/j.js.2018.v8.i1.p80-92.

. Ghosh, R. (2004). Public Education and Multicultural Policy in Canada: The Special Case of Quebec. International Review of Education, 50 (5/6), 543-566. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11159-004-4685-9.

. Golubeva, I., & Guntersdorfer, I.R. (2017). Preparing Professionals for Working in Multicultural and Democratic Europe: Two Pedagogical Programs-Their Assessment and Collaborations. Pedagogika, 128, (4), 39-54. https://doi.org/10.15823/p.2017.53.

. Hizam, I., (2007). Kontribusi Minat Belajar dan Kemampuan Klarifikasi Nilai Sejarah dalam Pembentukan Sikap Nasionalisme (Contribution of Interest in Learning and Ability to Clarify Historical Values in the Formation of Nationalism Attitudes). Jurnal Penelitian Keislaman, 3 (2), 287-300. https://www.yumpu.com/id/document/view/33230454/1-kontribusi-minat-belajar-dan-kemampuan-idb3.

. Jaskuowski, K., & Surmiak, A. (2015). Teaching history, teaching nationalism: a qualitative study of history teaching in a Polish post-industrial town. Journal Critical Studies in Education, 58 (1), 36-51. https://doi.org/10.1080/17508487.2015.1117006.

. Kahraman, P.B. & Sezer, G.O. (2017). Relationship between Attitudes of Multicultural Education and Perceptions Regarding Cultural Effect of Globalization. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research 67, 233-249. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1148893

. Kim, Y. & Choi, M. (2020). Towards critical multicultural teacher education in the midst of ethno-nationalism: Korean pre-service teachers’ international learning experiences. Teaching and Teacher Education, 96, 103-155. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2020.103155.

. Latif, Y. (2011). Negara paripurna (The complete state). Jakarta: Gramedia pustaka Utama

. Na’im, A. & Syaputra, H. (2011). Kewarganegaraan, Suku Bangsa, Agama dan Bahasa sehari-hari penduduk Indonesia: Hasil Sensus Penduduk 2010 (Nationality, ethnicity, religion and colloquial language of the Indonesian population: Results of the 2010 Population Census). Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik.

. Nata, A. (2001). Peta Keragaman Pemikiran Islam di Indonesia (Map of Diversity of Islamic Thought in Indonesia). Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.

. Omar, N., Noh, M.A.C., Hamzah., M.I., & Majid, L.A. (2015). Multicultural education practice in Malaysia. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 174. 1941-1948. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.859.

. Olukayode, A.S. & Tina, S.E. (2013). Effects of Cooperative Learning and Field Trip Strategies on Secondary School Students’ Knowledge of and Attitudes to Multicultural Concepts in Social Studies. Journal of Education and Practice, 4 (22), 35-42. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Effects-of-Cooperative-Learning-and-Field-Trip-on-Olukayode-Tina/3f47bdf5c714de3a70d521781e6a84cd48a215a3.

. Parrish, P. & Bershot, J.A.L.V. (2010). Cultural Dimensions of Learning: Addressing the Challenges of Multicultural Instruction. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 11 (2), 1-19. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ895744.pdf

. Puspita, L., Adelina, H., dan Hermy, Y. (2013). Hubungan pemahaman materi tentang pancasila dengan perubahan sikap nasionalisme siswa SMP (The relationship between understanding the material about Pancasila with changes in the attitude of nationalism of junior high school students). Jurnal Kultur Demokrasi, 1 (3), 1-15. http://jurnal.fkip.unila.ac.id/index.php/JKD/article/view/2359.

. Pranata, R.H., Aman., & Setiawan, J. (2020). Implementation of Multicultural Values in Indonesian History Learning to Build Tolerance and Nationalism Attitudes of Students of Ngaglik 1 Senior High School, Sleman. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 398. 131-136. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200130.028.

. Salsabila, C. & Aman. (2018). The Relationship Between the Understanding of Indonesian National History, History Learning Interest, and History Awareness and the Nationalism Attitude. ISTORIA: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Sejarah, 14 (2). 71-85. https://doi.org/10.21831/istoria.v14i2.

. Sariyatun, J, H., Bambang, & Sumardjoko. (2018). Proliferation of Democratic Education in Indonesia: The Influence Measurement of Tolerance, Multiculturalism, and Historical Awareness on the Democratic Attitude. The New Educational Review, 52 (2): 112-123. https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.09.

. Seman, A.A., Ahmad, A.R., Aziz, Z. & Ayudin. A.R. (2013). The effectiveness of teaching and learning history based on multicultural towards national integration in Malaysia. Procedia Computer Science 3, 1588–1596. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2011.01.054

. Susanto, H. (2015). Pemahaman Sejarah Indonesia dan Perspektif terhadap Keberagaman Budaya dalam Membina Sikap Nasionalisme (Studi korelasi pada mahasiswa Pendidikan Sejarah IKIP Unlam) (Understanding of Indonesian History and Perspectives on Cultural Diversity in Fostering Nationalism Attitudes (Correlation study on History Education students of IKIP Unlam). Jurnal sejarah dan budaya, 9 (1), 39-50. Retrieved from: http://journal.um.ac.id/index.php/sejarah-dan-budaya/article/download/4787/2200.

. Tilaar, H.A.R. (2004). Multikulturalisme: Tantangan-tantangan Global Masa Depan dalam Transformasi Pendidikan Nasional (Multiculturalism: Future Global Challenges in Transforming National Education). Jakarta: PT Grasindo

. Tukiran. (2014). Pendidikan Multikultural dan Nasionalisme Indonesia (Multicultural Education and Indonesian Nationalism). Sosio Didaktika, 1 (1), 29-36. https://doi.org/10.15408/sd.v1i1.1203.

. Yaqin, A. (2005). Pendidikan multikultural: cross-cultural understanding untuk demokrasi dan keadilan (Multicultural education: cross-cultural understanding for democracy and justice). Yogyakarta: Pilar Media




DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v11i1.22075

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE)
p-ISSN: 2252-8822, e-ISSN: 2620-5440

View IJERE Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.