Home Quarantined: Privacy at risk in technologically-oriented learning amidst COVID19 pandemic

Client William Melchor Malinao, Mark Mata Sotto

Abstract


The COVID19 triggers technologically-oriented learning and is critical in ensuring that education continues after schools close physically. The internet has a plethora of learning opportunities but may invite privacy risks to users. Using descriptive-comparative research design, the study determined the contents and artifacts exchanged in online portals, the extent of use of social media sites, teaching-learning platforms, and educational websites among 341 college students of a family-owned private higher education institution. Finally, the difference in online privacy risk management practices was determined when grouped by selected demographic variables. Using means, t-test, and Anova, findings from an online survey showed that personal information is shared the most in online portals. For online learning, students heavily relied on Facebook, Microsoft Teams, and Google. To protect their privacy, respondents from all classes follow online management practices. Generally, the respondents' good affordances and decorum in the online media imply that they have good behavior and value creation. Still, a comprehensive strategy to safeguard data among learners in the utilization of online productivity platforms is a must. 


Keywords


Technologically-oriented Learning; Privacy; Privacy Risk Management; Private Higher Education; Philippines

References


Chen, X., Qiu, Z. (2020). COVID 19: Government interventions and the economy. VOXeu Org. https://voxeu.org/article/government-interventions-covid-19-and-economy.

Gypson, K. (2021). COVID-19 Pandemic: World Marks's first Anniversary of WHO's Official Declaration of COVID-19 Pandemic. VOA News. https://www.voanews.com/covid-19-pandemic/world-marks-one-year-anniversary-whos-official-declaration-covid-19-pandemic

Di Pietro, G., Biagi, F., Costa, P., Karpiński, Z., & Mazza, J. (2020). The likely impact of COVID-19 on education: Reflections based on the existing literature and international datasets, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. ISBN 978-92-76-19937-3, https://doi.org/10.2760/126686

Hyseni Duraku, Z., & Hoxha, L. (2020). The impact of COVID-19 on education and the wellbeing of teachers, parents, and students: Challenges related to remote (online) learning and opportunities for advancing the quality of education.

Nadeak, B. (2020). The effectiveness of distance learning using social media during the pandemic period of COVID-19: A Case in Universitas Kristen Indonesia. 1764-1772.

Fansury, A., Januarty, R., Rahman, A., & Shawal. (2020). Digital Content for Millennial Generations: Teaching the English Foreign Language Learner on covid19 Pandemic. Journal of Southwest Jiatong University. Vol. 55 No. 3. https://doi.org/10.35741/issn.0258-2724.55.3.40

Alchamdani, A., Fatmasari, F., Anugrah, E., Sari, N., Putri, F. & Astina, A. (2020). The Impact of Covid19 Pandemic on Online Learning Process in the College at Southeast Sulawesi. “Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan” Vol. 12 No. 1. http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jkl.v12i1si.2020.129-136

Kumar, V., & Nanda, P. (2018). Social Media in Higher Education: A Framework for Continuous Engagement. International Journal of Information and Communication Technology Education. 15. https://doi.org/10.4018/IJICTE.2019010108

James, M., (2020). FCC OKs Verizon Request for More Capacity as Network Use Spikes. Government and Technology. https://www.govtech.com/news/FCC-OKs-VerizonRequest-for-More-Capacity-as-Network-Use-Spikes.com

Blose, T., Umar, P., Squicciarini, A., & Rajtmajer, S. (2021). Privacy in Crisis: A Study of Self-Disclosure During the Coronavirus Pandemic. Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence.

Holmes, R. (2020). Is COVID-19 Social Media's Levelling Up Moment? Forbes. https://www.forbes.com/sites/ryanholmes/2020/04/24/is-covid-19-social-medias-levelling-up-moment/?sh=3db47fa56c60

Wang, J., (2020). An In-depth Review of Privacy Concerns Raised by the COVID-19 Pandemic. Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence

Gurses, S., & Diaz, C. (2013). Two tales of privacy in online social networks. IEEE Security. Priv. 11(3), 29–37.

McLoughlin, C., & Lee, M. (2007). Social software and participatory learning: pedagogical choices with technology affordances in the Web 2.0 era. In: ICT: Providing Choices for Learners and Learning. Proceedings ascilite Singapore.

Van Dijck, J. (2013). You have one identity: performing the self on Facebook and LinkedIn. Media Cult. Soc. 35(2), 199–215

Petronio, S. (2013). Brief Status Report on Communication Privacy Management Theory. Journal of Family Communication, 13:1, 6-14, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1080/15267431.2013.743426

Jia, H., & Xu, H. (2016) Measuring individuals' concerns over collective privacy on social networking sites. Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 10 (1), Article 4. https://doi.org/10.5817/CP2016-1-4

Allen, M. (2017). The sage encyclopedia of communication research methods (Vols. 1-4). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781483381411

Yang, K., Pulido, A. & Kang, Y. (2016). Exploring the Relationship between Privacy Concerns and Social Media Use among College Students: A Communication Privacy Management Perspective. Intercultural Communication Studies. XXV: 2

Dhawan, S. (2020). Online teaching and online learning can be termed as the panacea for the crisis. Journal of Educational Technology Systems. Vol. 49(1) 5–22. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0047239520934018

Kaya, T. (2020). The changes in the effects of social media use of Cypriots due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Technology in Society. 63. 101380. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techsoc.2020.101380

Nabity-Grover, T., Cheung, C., & Thatcher, J. (2020). Inside out and outside in: How the COVID-19 pandemic affects self-disclosure on social media. International Journal of Information Management. 55: 102188

Sobaih, A., Hasanein, A., & Abu Elnasr, A. (2020). Responses to COVID-19 in Higher Education: Social Media Usage for Sustaining Formal Academic Communication in Developing Countries. Sustainability. 12, 6520. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su12166520

Manca, S. (2020). Snapping, pinning, liking or texting: Investigating social media in higher education beyond Facebook. Internet High. Educ. 44, 100707.

Awidi, I., Paynter, M., & Vujosevic, T. (2019). Facebook group in the learning design of a higher education course: An analysis of factors influencing positive learning experience for students. Comput. Educ. 1, 106–121.

Rasmitadila, R., Rachmadtullah, R., Aliyyah, R., & Samsudin, A. (2020). The perception of Primary School Teachers of Online Learning during the COVID19 pandemic period: A case study in Indonesia. Journal of Ethics and Cultural Studies.Vol. 7, No. 2, Pp. 90-109. http://dx.doi.org/10.29333/ejecs/388

Data Privacy Education Council. Data Privacy and Online Learning. (2020). https://www.privacy.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DP-Council-Education-Sector-Advisory-No.-2020-1.pdf.

Mohmmed, A., Khidhir, B., Nazeer, A., & Vijayan, V. (2020). Emergency remote teaching during Coronavirus pandemic: The current trend and future directive at Middle East College Oman. Innovative Infrastructure Solutions. 5:72. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41062-020-00326-7

Chakraborty, P., Mittal, P., Gupta, M., Yadav, S., & Arora, A. (2020). Opinion of students on online education during the COVID‐19 pandemic. Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies. Pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1002/hbe2.240

Karthikeyan, D. (2020). Assessing the effectiveness of Microsoft Teams during COVID-19 for online learning: A students' perceptive.

Aristovnik, A., Keržiˇc, D., Ravšelj, D., Tomaževiˇc, N., & Umek, L. (2020). Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Life of Higher Education Students: A Global Perspective. Sustainability, 12, 8438. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su12208438

Lindberg, G., (2020). Microsoft Teams for Online Learning. Saint Leo University. https://www.saintleo.edu/blog/how-to-use-microsoft-teams-for-online-learning.

Dogruer, N., Eyyam, R., & Menevis, I. (2011). The use of the internet for educational purposes. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 28. 606-611. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.11.115

Huang, H., Liu, DJ., Zhu, LX., Chen, HY., Yang, JF., Tlili, A., Fang, HG., & Wang, SF. (2020). Personal Data and Privacy Protection in Online Learning: Guidance for Students, Teachers, and Parents. Beijing: Smart Learning Institute of Beijing Normal University

William, M., Stahl, M. & Joanne Karger, J. (2016). Student data privacy, digital learning, and special education: Challenges at the intersection of policy and practice. Journal of Special Education Leadership. 29 (2).

Chen, Y., & He, W., (2013). Security risks and protection in online learning: A survey. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning. Volume 14. No. 5.

Bandara, I., Ioras, F., & Maher, K. (2014). Cybersecurity concerns in e-learning education. Proceedings of ICERI2014 Conference. ISBN 978-84-617-2484-0

Alwi, N. & Fan, I. (2010). E-learning and information security management. International Journal of Digital Society (IJDS), 1(2), 148-156

Nguyen, Phuoc Dai & Rajnai, Zoltan & András, Kerti. (2016). E-Learning Security Risks and its Countermeasures. Emerging research and Solution in ICT. 1. 17-25. https://doi.org/10.20544/ERSICT.01.16.P02

Wallace, L. (2007). Online teaching and University policy. Investigating the disconnect. Journal of Distance Education. Volume 22, No. 1. 87-100

Kelly, R. (2021). 11 ways to protect ways when using student data. Campus Technology. https://campustechnology.com/articles/2021/03/24/11-ways-to-protect-privacy-when-using-student-data.aspx

Waters, S., & Ackerman, J. (2011). Exploring privacy management on Facebook: Motivations and perceived consequences of voluntary disclosure. Journal of Computer-mediated Communication. https://doi.org/doi:10.1111/j.1083-6101.2011.01559.x

National Privacy Commission. (2020). Data privacy and Online Learning. https://www.privacy.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DP-Council-Education-Sector-Advisory-No.-2020-1.pdf

Commission on Higher Education. (2020). CMO No. 4 - Guidelines on Flexible Learning. https://ched.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/CMO-No.-4-s.-2020-Guidelines-on-the-Implementation-of-Flexible-Learning.pdf




DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v11i1.22059

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE)
p-ISSN: 2252-8822, e-ISSN: 2620-5440

View IJERE Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.