The Urgency of Sasak Local Wisdom Based Character Education for Elementary School in East Lombok

Ahmad Tohri, Abdul Rasyad, Muhammad Sururuddin, Lalu M. Istiqlal

Abstract


This article discussed the urgency of character education in East Lombok elementary schools based on Sasak ethnic local wisdom. This paper useddescriptive qualitative research methods to describe the phenomena of educational activities, learning, and curriculum implementation related to character education based on local wisdom of the Sasak ethnic group in East Lombok elementary schools. Data were collected by using interview techniques, group observation, and documentation. Data analysis was organised into some categories, describing it into units, synthesizing, arranging into patterns, interpreting and making conclusions. The main problem faced in the implementation of character education in East Lombok Elementary School is the absence of a character education model that is appropriate or methodologically adequate for learning process, it is individually developed continuously. The richness and diversity of Sasakness culture with the values of local wisdom has potential to be integrated holistically into the curriculum both in co-curricular, intra- intra-curricular and extra-curricular aspects, and even has the leverage to become the basis for character education. So that character education in East Lombok elementary schools based on Sasak ethnic local wisdom is very urgent to be implemented.

Keywords


character education; elementary school; local wisdom; Sasak ethnicity

References


P. Megawanti, “Meretas Permasalahan Pendidikan di Indonesia (Hacking Educational Problems in Indonesia),” Form. J. Ilm. Pendidik. MIPA, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 227–234, 2015, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.30998/formatif.v2i3.105.

M. I. Tholani, “Problematika Pendidikan di Indonesia dalam Telaah Aspek Budaya (The Problems of Education in Indonesia in the Study of Cultural Aspects),” J. Pendidik., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 64–74, 2013, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.24014/jiik.v7i1.4834.

S. Wahyuni, “Curriculum DevelopmentIn Indonesian Context The Historical Perspectives and The Implementation,” UNIVERSUM J. Keislam. dan Kebud., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 73–82, 2016.

D. N. P. Brata, R. A. K. Mahatmaharti, R. Istianingrum, C. Hasanudin, and S. Hadi, “Developing Pancasila and Civic Education (PPKN) Based on,” Humanit. Soc. Sci. Rev., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 768–773, 2020, doi: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7440-103X.

A. Mannan, “Pembinaan moral dalam membentuk karakter remaja (Studi kasus remaja peminum tuak di Kelurahan Suli Kecamatan Suli Kabupaten Luwu) (Moral development in shaping the character of adolescents (Case study of teenagers who drink palm wine in Suli Village, Suli District, Luwu Regency),” Aqidah-Ta J. Ilmu Aqidah, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 59–72, 2017, doi: https://doi.org/10.24252/aqidahta.v3i1.3408.

D. Susanti, S. Anwar, and I. Aziz, “Institutionalizing Local Wisdom in Learning Process, Is It a Necessity?,” PalArch’s J. Archaeol. Egypt/Egyptology, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 10529–10539, 2020.

N. A. Hidayati, H. J. Waluyo, R. Winarni, and Suyitno, “Exploring the implementation of local wisdom-based character education among indonesian higher education students,” Int. J. Instr., vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 179–198, 2020, doi: 10.29333/iji.2020.13213a.

S. D. Laksana, “Urgensi pendidikan karakter bangsa di sekolah (The urgency of national character education in schools),” MUADDIB Stud. Kependidikan dan Keislam., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 167–184, 2016, doi: 10.24269/muaddib.v5i2.67.

M. Kosim, “Urgensi pendidikan karakter (The urgency of character education),” KARSA J. Soc. Islam. Cult., vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 84–92, 2011, doi: https://doi.org/10.19105/karsa.v19i1.78.

S. A. Kamaruddin, “Character Education and Students Social Behavior,” J. Educ. Learn., vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 223–230, 2012, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.11591/edulearn.v6i4.166.

N. Sari, “The Importance of Teaching Moral Values to The students,” J. English Educ., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 154–162, 2013.

M. Chowdhury, “Emphasizing morals, values, ethics, and character education in science education and science teaching,” MOJES Malaysian Online J. Educ. Sci., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 1–16, 2018.

I. Inanna, “Peran Pendidikan Dalam Membangun Karakter Bangsa Yang Bermoral (The Role of Education in Building a Moral Nation's Character),” JEKPEND J. Ekon. dan Pendidik., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 27–33, 2018, doi: https://doi.org/10.26858/jekpend.v1i1.5057.

P. R. Indonesia, “Undang-undang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 20 Tahun 2003 (National Education System Law Number 20 Year 2003).” Sekretaris Negara Republik Indonesia, Jakarta, 2003.

J. F. Johnson, “The Success of Character Education in Relation To Religion in A Public School District,” Disertasi. Liberty University, 2014.

S. Suhartini, B. Sekarningrum, M. M. Sulaeman, and W. Gunawan, “Social construction of student behavior through character education based on local wisdom,” J. Soc. Stud. Educ. Res., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 276–291, 2019.

L. Nucci, D. Narvaez, and T. Krettenauer, Handbook of Moral and Character Education, Edisi ke-2., no. June. New York: Routledge, 2014.

N. S. Sukmadinata, Metode Penelitian Pendidikan (Educational Research Methods), Edisi ke-1. Bandung: Kerjasama SPS UPI dengan PT. Remaja Rosda Karya, 2017.

Sugiyono, Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D (Quantitative, Qualitative, and R&D Research Methods). Bandung: Alfabeta, 2013.

L. J. Moleong, Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif (Qualitative Research Methodology), Edisi ke-3. Bandung: Remaja Rosda Karya, 2017.

N. Omeri, “Pentingnya pendidikan karakter dalam dunia pendidikan (The importance of character education in the world of education),” Manajer Pendidik., vol. 9, no. 3, 2015.

E. Rohana, “Character education relation with spiritual intelligence in islamic education perspective,” Int. J. Nusant. Islam, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 165–174, 2018, doi: https://doi.org/10.15575/ijni.v6i2.4803.

H. Wiyono, “Pendidikan karakter dalam bingkai pembelajaran di sekolah (Character education in the frame of learning at school),” CIVIS, vol. 2, no. 2/Juli, 2012, doi: https://doi.org/10.26877/civis.v2i2/Juli.458.

R. Rukiyati, “Urgensi Pendidikan Karakter Holistik Komprehensif di Indonesia (The Urgency of Comprehensive Holistic Character Education in Indonesia),” J. Pendidik. Karakter, no. 2, p. 120651, 2013, doi: https://doi.org/10.21831/jpk.v2i2.1440.

K. Komalasari and D. Saripudin, Pendidikan Karakter: Konsep dan Aplikasi Living Values Education (Character Education: Living Values Education Concepts and Applications). Bandung: Refika Aditama, 2017.

K. H. Dewantara, Pendidikan (Education), Edisi ke-4. Yogyakarta: Majelis Luhur Persatuan Tamansiswa Yogyakarta., 2011.

O. N. Hidayati, “Mapping Genealogy of Character Education in Indonesia Ki Hajar Dewantara and Hamka as Preliminary Locus Study,” 2017, doi: https://doi.org/10.2991/yicemap-17.2017.25.

S. Kusnita, S. Suwandi, M. Rohmadi, and N. Wardani, “The Role of Local Wisdom in the Malay Folklore Mempawah as Base of Character Education on Children in Primary School (Study Folklore in West Borneo),” in International Conference on Teacher Training and Education 2017 (ICTTE 2017), 2017, vol. 158, no. Ictte, pp. 649–656, doi: https://doi.org/10.2991/ictte-17.2017.16.

Z. Elmubarok, Membumikan Pendidikan Nilai, Mengumpulkan yang Terserak, Menyambung yang Terputus dan Menyatukan yang Tercerai (Grounding Values Education, Gathering the Scattered, Connecting the Disconnected and Uniting the Dispersed). Bandung: Alpabeta, 2013.

D. L. Prestwich, “Character Education in America’s Schools,” Sch. Community J., vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 139–150, 2004.

Helmiati, Model Pembelajaran (Learning model). Yogyakarta: Aswaja Pressindo, 2012.

M. Erihadiana, “The Implementation of Islamic Local Content in Building Character Education at Junior High Shcool Al Amanah Bandung,” J. Pendidik. Islam, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 41–50, 2019, doi: 10.15575/jpi.v4i2.3812.

D. Daniah, “Kearifan lokal (local wisdom) sebagai basis pendidikan karakter (Local wisdom as the basis for character education),” PIONIR J. Pendidik., vol. 5, no. 2, 2016, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.22373/pjp.v5i2.3356.

D. Luriawati Naryatmojo, “Internalization the Concept of Local Wisdom for Students in the Listening Class,” Arab World English J., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 382–394, 2019, doi: 10.24093/awej/vol10no1.31.

E. Sedyawati, Budaya Indonesia, Kajian Arkeologi, Seni, dan Sejarah (Indonesian Culture, Archaeological Studies, Art, and History), Cetakan VI. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada, 2019.

S. Alfarisi, A. Tohri, Habibuddin, and Hanapi, Tuan Guru: Gerakan Revolusi Sosial Masyarakat Sasak (Tuan Guru: The Sasak People's Social Revolution Movement). Yogyakarta: Lombok Institut, Pemerintah Daerah Lombok Timur, Kalam Semesta, 2018.

E. Budiwanti, “Balinese Minority Versus Sasak Majority Managing Ethno-Religious Diversity and Disputes in Western Lombok,” Herit. Nusant. Int. J. Relig. Lit. Herit., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 233–250, 2013, doi: 10.31291/hn.v3i2.11.

M. H. Zuhdi, “Kearifan Lokal Suku Sasak Sebagai Model Pengelolaan Konflik Di Masyarakat Lombok (Local Wisdom of the Sasak Tribe as a Model for Conflict Management in the Lombok Community),” Mabasan, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 64–85, 2018, doi: https://doi.org/10.26499/mab.v12i1.34.

M. H. Zuhdi, “Wetu Telu in Bayan Lombok: Dialectic of Islam and Local Culture,” Kawalu J. Local Cult., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 85–106, 2018.

D. Wahyudin, “Identitas orang Sasak: Studi epistemologis terhadap mekanisme produksi pengetahuan masyarakat suku Sasak (Sasak identity: An epistemological study of the knowledge production mechanism of the Sasak people),” J. Penelit. Keislam., vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 52–63, 2018, doi: https://doi.org/10.20414/tsaqafah.v16i2.443.

E. M. Jayadi, B. Yanuwiadi, and M. Purnomo, “Local Wisdom Transformation of Wetu Telu Community on Bayan Forest Management, North Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara,” Res. Humanit. Soc. Sci., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 109–118, 2014.

S. Cederroth, “Symbols of a sasak community in northern Lombok,” Ethnos, vol. 40, no. 1–4, pp. 169–184, 1975.

H. Asyari, “The Role of ‘Bale Langgak’ in the Implementation of Socio-Cultural Values in Sasak Community,” in Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Conference on Education and Social Science (ACCESS 2020), 2021, vol. 556, pp. 598–601.

Zubaedi, Desain Pendidikan Karakter: Konsep dan Aplikasinya dalam Lembaga Pendidikan (Character Education Design: Concepts and Applications in Educational Institutions). Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group, 2011.

H. A. R. Tilaar, “Multikulturalisme, Bahasa Indonesia, dan Nasionalisme dalam Sistem Pendidikan Nasional (Multiculturalism, Indonesian Language, and Nationalism in the National Education System),” Dialekt. J. Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pendidik. Bhs. dan Sastra Indones., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 213–224, 2014, doi: https://doi.org/10.15408/dialektika.v1i2.6287.

R. Trianingsih, “Pendidikan dalam Proses Kebudayaan yang Multikultural di Indonesia (Education in a Multicultural Cultural Process in Indonesia),” Tarbiyatuna Kaji. Pendidik. Islam, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1–12, 2017.

H. Purba, “The importance of including culture in EFL teaching,” JET (Journal English Teaching), vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 44–56, 2011, doi: https://doi.org/10.33541/jet.v1i1.51.

M. Abdollahi-Guilani, M. S. M. Yasin, T. K. Hua, and K. Aghaei, “Culture-integrated teaching for the enhancement of EFL learner tolerance,” Asian Soc. Sci., vol. 8, no. 6, p. 115, 2012, doi: 10.5539/ass.v8n6p115.

A. Wibowo and Gunawan, Pendidikan Karakter Berbasis Kearifan Lokal di Sekolah (Character Education Based on Local Wisdom in Schools). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2015.

Y. Mahur, Y. Riyanto, and E. Roesminingsih, “Paulo Freire: Critical, Humanist and Liberating Education (Critical Reflections on Indonesian Education),” Int. J. Educ. Vocat. Stud., vol. 1, no. 8, pp. 873–877, 2019.

I. Permatasari and K. A. Hakam, “The Development of Character Education Based on Sundanese Local Wisdom,” in IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2018, vol. 145, no. 1, doi: https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/145/1/012124.

R. Hidayat, “Construction of Character Education in Mandailing and Angkola Culture in North Sumatra Province,” Society, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 611–627, 2020, doi: https://doi.org/10.33019/society.v8i2.212.

A. Hasanah, N. Gustini, and D. Rohaniawati, “Cultivating Character Education Based on Sundanese Culture Local Wisdom,” J. Pendidik. Islam, vol. 2, no. 2, p. 231, 2016, doi: https://doi.org/10.15575/jpi.v2i2.788.

T. Makmur and W. Dastina, “Cultivating Local Wisdom in Character Education: Lessons from Family Education Values of Indonesian Traditional Ceremony,” Walisongo J. Penelit. Sos. Keagamaan, vol. 26, no. 2, p. 417, 2018, doi: 10.21580/ws.26.2.2753.

S. M. Wardoyo, “Pendidikan Karakter: Membangun Jatidiri Bangsa Menuju Generasi Emas 2045 Yang Religius (Character Education: Building National Identity Towards a Religious 2045 Golden Generation),” TADRIS J. Pendidik. Islam, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 90–103, 2015.

P. R. Indonesia, Desain Induk Pembangun Karakter Bangsa Indonesia 2010-2025 (Master Design for Building the Character of the Indonesian Nation 2010-2025). Jakarta: Pemerintah Republik Indonesia, 2010.

R. Karsidi, “Budaya lokal dalam liberalisasi pendidikan (Local culture in education liberalization),” J. Soc. Media, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 19–34, 2017, doi: 10.26740/jsm.v1n2.p19-34.

A. Widodo, M. A. Maulyda, A. Fauzi, D. Sutisna, N. Nursaptini, and U. Umar, “Tolerance Education Among Religious Community Based on the Local Wisdom Values in Primary Schools,” in Proceedings of the 1st Annual Conference on Education and Social Sciences (ACCESS 2019), 2020, vol. 465, pp. 327–330, doi: https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200827.082.

T. Nilson and K. Thorell, Cultural Heritage and Preservation: The Past, the Present and the Future, no. 24. 2014.

Lukman et al., “Effective teachers’ personality in strengthening character education,” Int. J. Eval. Res. Educ., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 512–521, 2021, doi: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v10i2.21629.

S. Saifurrohman, “Pendidikan Berbasis Karakter (Character Based Education),” Tarbawi J. Pendidik. Islam, vol. 11, no. 2, 2014, doi: https://doi.org/10.34001/tarbawi.v11i2.215.

J. Graham, P. Meindl, E. Beall, K. M. Johnson, and L. Zhang, “Cultural differences in moral judgment and behavior, across and within societies,” Curr. Opin. Psychol., vol. 8, pp. 125–130, 2016, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2015.09.007.

B. P. dan P. Kemdiknas, Panduan Pelaksanaan Pendidikan Karakter (Guidelines for the Implementation of Character Education). Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kemdiknas, 2011.

N. Furkan, “The Implentation of Character Education through the School Culture in SMA Negeri 1 Dompu and SMA Negeri Kilo Dompu Regency,” J. Lit. Linguist., vol. 3, no. April 2009, pp. 14–44, 2014.

M. Murtako, “Culture-based character education in modernity era,” Ta’dib J. Pendidik. Islam, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 149–164, 2015, doi: https://doi.org/10.19109/td.v20i1.326.

D. H. Puspoko Jati, B. Ismanto, and B. S. Sulasmono, “The Development of Local Wisdom Based Character Education Training Module,” J. Educ. Res. Eval., vol. 3, no. 1, p. 1, 2019, doi: 10.23887/jere.v3i1.17763.

B. Sumardjoko and M. Musyiam, “Model of civic education learning based on the local wisdom for revitalizing values of pancasila (Bahasa Indonesia),” Cakrawala Pendidik., vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 201–211, 2018, doi: 10.21831/cp.v37i2.18037.

M. Muslich, Pendidikan Karakter: Menjawab Tantangan Krisis Multidimensional (Character Education: Responding to the Challenges of a Multidimensional Crisis). Jakarta: Bumi Aksara, 2011.

D. (Editor) Zuchdi, Pendidikan Karakter dalam Perspektif Teori dan Praktik (Character Education in Theory and Practice Perspective). Yogyakarta: UNY Press, 2011.




DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v11i1.21869

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE)
p-ISSN: 2252-8822, e-ISSN: 2620-5440

View IJERE Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.