Digital Citizenship Trend in Educational Sphere: A Systematic Review

Wibowo Heru Prasetiyo, Noor Banu Mahadir Naidu, Bee Piang Tan, Bambang Sumardjoko

Abstract


The surge of information in the digital age has impacted social problems. Accordingly, digital citizenship had been discussed mostly within topics related to digital security, IT education. A systematic review is needed to provide an overview for educators and policymakers in Indonesia to address ethical and technical issues to improve the online environment safely. However, there are limited studies that systematically review the existing literature on implementing digital citizenship in Indonesia. The present study was guided by PRISMA review protocol using three databases, i.e., Scopus, Google Scholars, and ProQuest, concerned with digital citizenship, digital competence, digital literacy, and ICT skills.  Two hundred five articles were screened; this study obtained twenty articles that fit the predetermined inclusion criteria. This study used content analysis to encode, organize categories, and develop the themes. Based on the thematic analysis, this study has three main themes namely digital readiness, digital citizenship competencies, and educational policies. This review contributes to the existing literature by providing direction to future study and embedded digital citizenship competencies in the educational setting as a catalyst for a new literacy.

Keywords


digital citizenship; digital competence; digital literacy; ICT skills

References


Association of Indonesia Internet Provider, “Penetrasi & profil perilaku pengguna internet Indonesia,” 2018.

R. W. Saputra, “A Survey of Cyber Crime in Indonesia,” in 2016 International Conference on ICT For Smart Society (ICISS), 2016, pp. 1–5, doi: 10.1109/ictss.2016.7792846.

T. Paterson, “Indonesian cyberspace expansion : a double-edged sword Indonesian cyberspace expansion : a double-edged sword,” J. Cyber Policy, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 216–234, 2019, doi: 10.1080/23738871.2019.1627476.

F. Sulistyo and N. Manap, “Pornography and Sexual Crimes towards Children in Indonesia: A Judicial Approach,” Brawijaya Law J., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 261–270, 2018, doi: 10.21776/ub.blj.2018.005.02.09.

T. S. Adiningrum, “Reviewing Plagiarism: An Input for Indonesian Higher Education,” J. Acad. Ethics, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 107–120, 2015, doi: 10.1007/s10805-015-9226-6.

A. Santoso and F. R. Cahaya, “Factors influencing plagiarism by accounting lecturers,” Account. Educ., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 401–425, 2019, doi: 10.1080/09639284.2018.1523736.

S. Alim, “Cyberbullying in the world of teenagers and social media: A literature review,” Int. J. Cyber Behav. Psychol. Learn., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 68–95, 2016, doi: 10.4018/IJCBPL.2016040105.

T. Safaria, “Prevalence and Impact of Cyberbullying in a Sample of Indonesian Junior High School Students,” TOJET Turkish Online J. Educ. Technol., vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 82–91, 2016.

T. Safaria, F. Tentama, and H. Suyono, “Cyberbully , Cybervictim , and Forgiveness among Indonesian High School Students,” TOJET Turkish Online J. Educ. Technol., vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 40–48, 2016.

B. Rahardjo, “The state of cybersecurity in Indonesia,” in Digital Indonesia: Connectivity and Divergence, E. Jurriens and R. Tapsell, Eds. Singapore: ISEAS Publishing, 2019, pp. 110–126.

A. Almaarif and Qomariah, “Case Study on ‘Prita Mulyasari’ and ‘Twin Hackers’ in Indonesia,” in 2014 International Conference on Information Technology Systems and Innovation, ICITSI 2014 - Proceedings, 2014, pp. 165–170, doi: 10.1109/ICITSI.2014.7048258.

S. Pohan, “The right to be forgotten in public domain arrangements in social media in Indonesia,” Int. J. Sci. Technol. Res., vol. 7, no. 8, pp. 200–203, 2018.

M. Harsasi, “The use of open educational resources in online learning: A study of students’ perception,” Turkish Online J. Distance Educ., vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 74–87, 2015.

R. D. Kuntoro and S. Al-Hawamdeh, “E-learning in higher educational institutions in Indonesia,” J. Inf. Knowl. Manag., vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 361–374, 2003, doi: 10.1142/S0219649203000553.

P. Pannen, “Integrating technology in teaching and learning mathematics,” 2014.

L. Sekarasih, “Restricting, Distracting, and Reasoning: Parental Mediation of Young Children’s Use of Mobile Communication Technology in Indonesia,” in Mobile Communication and the Family, S. S. Lim, Ed. Springer, Dordrecht, 2016, pp. 129–146.

M. Choi, “A Concept Analysis of Digital Citizenship for Democratic Citizenship Education in the Internet Age,” Theory Res. Soc. Educ., vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 565–607, 2016, doi: 10.1080/00933104.2016.1210549.

A. Emejulu and C. McGregor, “Towards a radical digital citizenship in digital education,” Crit. Stud. Educ., vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 131–147, 2019, doi: 10.1080/17508487.2016.1234494.

B. Hui and R. Campbell, “Discrepancy between Learning and Practicing Digital Citizenship,” J. Acad. Ethics, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 117–131, 2018, doi: 10.1007/s10805-018-9302-9.

M. Ribble, Digital citizenship in schools: Nine elements all students should know, 5th ed. United States: International Society for Technology in Education, 2015.

Z. İbrahimoğlu, “Digital Citizenship and Education in Turkey: Experiences, the Present and the Future,” Palgrave Handb. Citizsh. Educ., pp. 1–18, 2019, doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-67905-1_65-1.

J. Fingal, “The 5 competencies of digital citizenship,” 2019. https://www.iste.org/explore/digital-citizenship/5-competencies-digital-citizenship (accessed Jan. 11, 2020).

Graham, M. and W. H. Dutton, Society and the internet: How networks of information and communication are changing our lives. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019.

S. J. Marshall, “Technology as a Catalyst for Change,” in Shaping the university of the future, S. J. Marshall, Ed. Singapore: Springer, 2018, pp. 147–166.

N. Miladi, “Social Media and Social Change,” Dig. Middle East Stud., vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 36–51, 2016, doi: 10.1111/dome.12082.

A. Natarajan, “Human Attitudes that Prevent the Advance of Human Progress and Civilization,” Cadmus, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 154–163, 2017.

D. Moher et al., “Preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols (prisma-p) 2015 statement,” Syst. Rev., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1–9, 2015.

A. Liberati et al., “The PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses of studies that evaluate health care interventions: Explanation and elaboration,” PLoS Med., vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 1–28, 2009, doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000100.

D. Moher, A. Liberati, J. Tetzlaff, and D. G. Altman, “Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: The PRISMA Statement (Reprinted from Annals of Internal Medicine),” Ann. Intern. Med., vol. 151, no. 4, pp. 264–270, 2009, doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000097.

M. Q. Patton, Qualitative research & evaluation methods: Integrating theory and practice, Fourth. SAGE Publications, 2015.

M. Petticrew and H. Roberts, Systematic Reviews in the Social Sciences: A Practical Guide. John Wiley & Sons, 2008.

K. Ananiadou and M. Claro, “21st Century Skills and Competences for New Millennium Learners in OECD Countries,” OECD Educ. Work. Pap., no. 41, 2009, doi: 10.1787/218525261154.

S. K. W. Chu, R. B. Reynolds, N. J. Tavares, M. Notari, and C. W. Y. Lee, “Twenty-first century skills and global education roadmaps,” in 21st Century Skills Development Through Inquiry-Based Learning: From Theory to Practice, Singapore: Springer, 2017, pp. 1–32.

Battelle for Kids, “Frameworks & Resources,” 2019. http://www.battelleforkids.org/networks/p21/frameworks-resources (accessed Dec. 13, 2019).

C. Fadel, “21st Century Skills: How can you prepare students for the new Global Economy?,” 2008. http://www.oecd.org/site/educeri21st/40756908.pdf (accessed Dec. 13, 2019).

Battelle for Kids, “Framework for 21st Century Learning,” 2019. http://static.battelleforkids.org/documents/p21/P21_Framework_Brief.pdf (accessed Dec. 13, 2019).

G. Gayatri et al., “Digital citizenship safety among children and adolescents in Indonesia,” J. Penelit. dan Pengemb. Komun. dan Inform., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1–16, 2014.

W. F. Senjaya et al., “Information and communication technology awareness of Indonesian high school students,” Glob. J. Eng. Educ., vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 217–223, 2018.

R. Triastuti, “Jurnal Civics : Media Kajian Kewarganegaraan Teachers and technology : The perspective of digital citizenship,” J. Civ. Media Kaji. Kewarganegaraan, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 22–28, 2019.

C. Utama, Sajidan, J. Nurkamto, and Wiranto, “Digital Literacy as a Daily Activity : Preferences of the Main Functions of Technology,” Univers. J. ofEducational Res., vol. 8, pp. 39–46, 2020, doi: 10.13189/ujer.2020.081706.

D. Rahmawati, D. D. Kesa, P. Suciati, and A. Lusia, “Tantangan sosial penyebaran hoax oleh digital immigrant studi kualitatif implementasi digital citizenship and online safety di lima kota,” in Teknologi Terapan Inovasi dan Rekayasa (SNT2IR) 2019, 2019, pp. 375–380.

D. I. Sari, T. Rejekiningsih, and M. Muchtarom, “Students’ Digital Ethics Profile in the Era of Disruption : An Overview from the Internet Use at Risk in Surakarta City, Indonesia,” Int. J. Interact. Mob. Technol., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 82–94, 2020, doi: 10.3991/ijim.v14i03.12207.

Benaziria, “Literasi Digital pada Warga Negara Muda dalam Pembelajaran PPKn melalui Model VCT,” J. Pendidik. Ilmu-Ilmu Sos. Pengembangkan, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 11–20, 2018.

A. Armawi and D. Wahidin, “Optimalisasi peran internet dalam mewujudkan digital citizenship dan implikasinya terhadap ketahanan pribadi siswa,” J. Civ. Media Kaji. Kewarganegaraan, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 29–39, 2020.

M. Prensky, “Digital Native and digital Immigrant discourses: A Critique. Perspectives on online learning,” Horiz., vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 1–6, 2001.

N. Kurniawati, E. H. Maolida, and A. G. Anjaniputra, “The praxis of digital literacy in the EFL classroom : Digital- immigrant vs digital-native teacher,” Indones. J. Appl. Linguist., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 28–37, 2018, doi: 10.17509/ijal.v8i1.11459.

Y. Pradana, “Atribusi kewargaan digital dalam literasi digital,” Untirta Civ. Educ. J., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 168–182, 2018.

L. Suryati and Harmanto, “Strategi pusat pembelajaran teknologi dan internet (broadband learning center) dalam mengembangkan kewarganegaraan digital pada masyarakat kota surabaya,” Kaji. Moral dan Kewarganegaraan, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 956–970, 2018.

A. Yue, E. Nekmat, and A. R. Beta, “Digital literacy through digital citizenship: Online civic participation and public opinion evaluation of youth minorities in Southeast Asia,” Media Commun., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 100–114, 2019, doi: 10.17645/mac.v7i2.1899.

M. Z. Fauzanafi, “Searching for digital citizenship: Fighting corruption in Banten, Indonesia,” Austrian J. South-East Asian Stud., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 289–294, 2016, doi: 10.14764/10.ASEAS-2016.2-7.

A. Nurdiyanti and K. Suryadi, “Digital Philanthropy in Indonesia : Strengthening Civic Virtue for Digital Citizens,” in 1st International Conference on Progressive Civil Society (IConProCS 2019), 2019, vol. 317, no. IConProCS, pp. 139–143.

M. Yusuf, C. Adams, and K. Dingley, “Digital citizen participation within schools in the United Kingdom and Indonesia: An Actor-Network Theory (ANT) perspective,” Information, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 1–27, 2016, doi: 10.3390/info7040069.

Z. H. Putra, G. Witri, and T. Yulita, “Development of powerpoint-based learning media in integrated thematic instruction of elementary school,” Int. J. Sci. Technol. Res., vol. 8, no. 10, pp. 697–702, 2019.

P. I. Djiwandono, “How language teachers perceive information and communication technology,” Indones. J. Appl. Linguist., vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 608–616, 2019, doi: 10.17509/ijal.v8i3.15260.

A. Habibi, R. A. Razak, F. D. Yusop, and A. Mukminin, “Preparing future EFL teachers for effective technology integration: What do teacher educators say?,” Asian EFL J., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 9–30, 2019.

Badaruddin, N. Noni, and B. Jabu, “The potential of ICT in blended learning model toward education 4.0 need analysis-based learning design for ELT,” Asian EFL J., vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 128–142, 2019.

F. Jalal, M. Samani, M. C. Chang, R. Stevenson, A. R. Bagatz, and S. D. Negara, “Teacher certification in Indonesia: A strategy for teacher quality improvement,” Jakarta, 2009.

M. B. F. X. Curran, “iCitizen: Are you a socially responsible digital citizen,” 2012.

M. Choi, D. Cristol, and B. Gimbert, “Teachers as digital citizens: The influence of individual backgrounds, internet use and psychological characteristics on teachers’ levels of digital citizenship,” Comput. Educ., vol. 121, pp. 143–161, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2018.03.005.

M. Mahdum, H. Hadriana, and M. Safriyanti, “Exploring teacher perceptions and motivations to ICT use in learning activities in Indonesia,” J. Inf. Technol. Educ. Res., vol. 18, pp. 293–317, 2019, doi: 10.28945/4366.

A. Muslem, Y. Q. Yusuf, and R. Juliana, “Perceptions and barriers to ICT use among english teachers in Indonesia,” Teach. English with Technol., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 3–23, 2018.

T. M. Silviyanti and Y. Q. Yusuf, “EFL teachers’ perceptions on using ICT in their teaching: To use or to reject?,” Teach. English with Technol., vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 29–43, 2015.

D. A. Dewi and D. Budimansyah, “The Effect of Civics Learning Implementation on Improving Civic Literacy in Digital Citizenship Era,” in 2nd Annual Civic Education Conference (ACEC 2019), 2020, vol. 418, no. Acec 2019, pp. 77–81.

K. Komalasari and D. N. Anggraini, “Civic Education for Development of Digital Citizenship in the Era of Industrial Revolution 4 . 0,” in 2nd Annual Civic Education Conference (ACEC 2019), 2020, vol. 418, no. Acec 2019, pp. 151–154.

A. Yue, E. Nekmat, and A. R. Beta, “Digital literacy through digital citizenship: Online civic participation and public opinion evaluation of youth minorities in Southeast Asia,” Media Commun., vol. 7, no. 2 Critical, pp. 100–114, 2019, doi: 10.17645/mac.v7i2.1899.

R. Ata and K. Yildirim, “Turkish pre-service teachers’ perceptions of digital citizenship in education programs,” J. Inf. Technol. Educ. Res., vol. 18, pp. 419–436, 2019.

F. G. A. Trapero, J. C. V. Parra, and M. D. J. G. Martínez, “Digital Citizenship Approach and Teacher Profile,” Educ. Knowl. Soc., vol. 21, pp. 1–11, 2020, doi: 10.14201/eks.22735.

M. Choi, D. Cristol, and B. Gimbert, “Teachers as digital citizens: The influence of individual backgrounds, internet use and psychological characteristics on teachers’ levels of digital citizenship,” Comput. Educ., vol. 121, pp. 143–161, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2018.03.005.




DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v10i4.21767

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE)
p-ISSN: 2252-8822, e-ISSN: 2620-5440

View IJERE Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.