Textbooks Based on Local Wisdom to Improve Reading and Writing Skills of Elementary School Students

Alfi Laila, C. Asri Budiningsih, Kastam Syamsi


Many elementary students still find it difficult to understand the literature content used and it automatically affects their reading and writing skills. However, the adjustment of literature with local wisdom-based content needs to be considered as a supporting tool. This study aims to improve reading and writing skills using textbook based on local wisdom. Data were collected through tests of 32 students in each experimental and control classes. Descriptive-quantitative analysis was used to analyze the data obtained. The results showed that textbooks were more effective at improving students' reading and writing skills. In the future, this study is a reference for teachers to apply local wisdom to other learning themes.


Local wisdom;Reading Skill;Writing Skill;Elementary Students


Mahmood, K. (2017). Reliability and validity of self-efficacy scales assessing students’ information literacy skills. The Electronic Library.

McKenna, M. C., & Robinson, R. D. (1990). Content literacy: A definition and implications. Journal of reading, 34(3), 184-186.

Weis, J. P. (2004). Contemporary literacy skills. Knowledge Quest, 32(4), 12.

Tohir, M. (2019). Hasil PISA Indonesia tahun 2018 turun dibanding tahun 2015 (Indonesia PISA results in 2018 decreased compared to 2015).

Habibi, H., & Herayanti, L. (2017). Pengembangan Buku Ajar Fisika Dasar I Berbasis Self Regulated Learning Sebagai Upaya Memotivasi Mahasiswa untuk Belajar Mandiri (Development of Basic Physics Textbooks Based on Self Regulated Learning as an Effort to Motivate Students to Learn Independently). Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika dan Teknologi, 2(4), 154-158.

Habibi, H., Jumadi, J., & Mundilarto, M. (2019). The Rasch-Rating Scale Model to Identify Learning Difficulties of Physics Students Based on Self-Regulation Skills. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, 8(4), 659-665.

Sugiyo, R., & Purwastuti, L. A. (2017). Local wisdom-based character education model in elementary school in Bantul Yogyakarta Indonesia. Sino-US English Teaching, 14(5), 299-308.

Andriana, E., Syachruroji, A., Alamsyah, T. P., & Sumirat, F. (2017). Natural science big book with baduy local wisdom base media development for elementary school. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 6(1).

Pornpimon, C., Wallapha, A., & Prayuth, C. (2014). Strategy challenges the local wisdom applications sustainability in schools. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 112, 626-634.

Subali, B., Sopyan, A., & Ellianawati, E. (2015). Developing local wisdom based science learning design to establish positive character in elementary school. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia, 11(1),

Uge, S., Neolaka, A., & Yasin, M. (2019). Development of Social Studies Learning Model Based on Local Wisdom in Improving Students' Knowledge and Social Attitude. International Journal of Instruction, 12(3), 375-388.

Wijayanti, A. T., & Sudrajat, S. (2018). Penanaman Nilai-Nilai Kearifan Lokal Untuk Pembentukan Kecerdasan Emosional Siswa di Smp Negeri 3 Banguntapan Bantul Yogyakarta. JIPSINDO, 5(1), 21-43.

Mungmachon, M. R. (2012). Knowledge and local wisdom: Community treasure. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 2(13), 174-181.

Toharudin, U., & Kurniawan, I. S. (2017). Values of Local Wisdom: A Potential to Develop an Assessment and Remedial. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, 6(1), 71-78.

Toharudin, U., & Kurniawan, I. S. (2019, February). Learning models based Sundanese local wisdom: Is it effective to improve student’s learning outcomes?. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 1157, No. 2, p. 022069). IOP Publishing.

Murti, D. K. (2020). Development of Educational Comic with Local Wisdom to Foster Morality of Elementary School Students: A Need Analysis. International Journal of Educational Methodology, 6(2), 337-343.

Widodo, A., Maulyda, M. A., Fauzi, A., Sutisna, D., Nursaptini, N., & Umar, U. (2020, August). Tolerance Education Among Religious Community Based on the Local Wisdom Values in Primary Schools. In 1st Annual Conference on Education and Social Sciences (ACCESS 2019) (pp. 327-330). Atlantis Press.

Parwati, N. N., Sudiarta, I., Mariawan, I., & Widiana, I. W. (2018). Local wisdom-oriented problem-solving learning model to improve mathematical problem-solving ability. JOTSE: Journal of technology and science education, 8(4), 310-320.

Abidinsyah, A., Ramdiah, S., & Royani, M. (2019). The implementation of local wisdom-based learning and HOTS-based assessment: Teacher survey in Banjarmasin. JPBI (Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia), 5(3), 407-414.

Kumala, F. N., & Setiawan, D. A. (2019, December). Local wisdom-based e-encyclopedia as a science learning medium in elementary school. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 1402, No. 6, p. 066061). IOP Publishing.

Santosa, A. B., Basuki, Y., & Puspita, A. M. I. (2019). The effectiveness of local wisdom-based teaching materials in enhancing creative writing skills of elementary school students. Journal of English Language Teaching and Linguistics, 4(3), 349-359.

Pratiwi, I. M., & Ariawan, V. A. N. (2020, April). Introducing local wisdom by numbering and reading. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 1521, No. 3, p. 032013). IOP Publishing.

Masruroh, N. L., Mardikantoro, H. B., & Sugianto, S. (2019). Development of Supplementary Book of Writing Skills for Beginner with Local Wisdom Content for Elementary School Students. Journal of Primary Education, 8(9), 317-325.

Lyesmaya, D., Musthafa, B., & Sunendar, D. (2020, February). Local wisdom value’s-based literacy education learning model in elementary school. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 1470, No. 1, p. 012030). IOP Publishing.

Ramadhan, I. R., Djono, D., & Suryani, N. (2018). Local wisdom of Kasepuhan Ciptagelar: The development of social solidarity in the era of globalization. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 5(3), 35-42.

White, H., & Sabarwal, S. (2014). Quasi-experimental design and methods. Methodological briefs: impact evaluation, 8, 1-16.

Handley, M. A., Lyles, C. R., McCulloch, C., & Cattamanchi, A. (2018). Selecting and improving quasi-experimental designs in effectiveness and implementation research. Annual review of public health, 39, 5-25.

Jannah, M., & Muslimah, M. (2021). Minimum Completeness Criteria for Islamic Education Subjects. Bulletin of Science Education, 1(1), 22-29.

Subekti, E., Rusilowati, A., & Khumaedi, M. (2019). Teacher Evaluation in Determining Ability Minimum Completeness Criteria Subject First High School Mathematics. Journal of Research and Educational Research Evaluation, 8(2), 133-140.

Subekti, E., Rusilowati, A., & Khumaedi, M. (2019, June). The Evaluation of Mathematical Teacher Ability In Defining The Minimum Completeness Criteria Using The Google Form. In ISET 2019: Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Science, Education and Technology, ISET 2019, 29th June 2019, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia (p. 96). European Alliance for Innovation.

Mulyono, D. (2017). The influence of learning model and learning independence on mathematics learning outcomes by controlling students' early ability. International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 12(3), 689-708.

Coletta, V. P., & Phillips, J. A. (2005). Interpreting FCI scores: Normalized gain, preinstruction scores, and scientific reasoning ability. American Journal of Physics, 73(12), 1172-1182

Crook, S. R., & Evans, G. W. (2014). The role of planning skills in the income–achievement gap. Child development, 85(2), 405-411.

Ardan, A. S. (2016). The Development of Biology Teaching Material Based on the Local Wisdom of Timorese to Improve Students Knowledge and Attitude of Environment in Caring the Preservation of Environment. International Journal of Higher Education, 5(3), 190-200.

Meliono, I. (2011). Understanding the Nusantara thought and local wisdom as an aspect of the Indonesian education. Tawarikh, 2(2).

Dewi, I. N., Poedjiastoeti, S., & Prahani, B. K. (2017). ELSII learning model based local wisdom to improve students’ problem solving skills and scientific communication. International Journal of Education and Research, 5(1), 107-118.

Achmad, S. (2017). Developing Writing Skill of Language Students by Applying Innovative Teaching Strategy Model Based on Social and Local Wisdom Contexts. Journal of Arts and Humanities, 6(12), 01-06.

Pusparani, H., Samsudi, S., & Haryadi, H. (2017). The Analysis of Requirements Developing Teaching Materials in Writing Folklore with Javanesse Language Based on Local Wisdom. Journal of Primary Education, 6(2), 94-102.

Ismail, M., & Winarni, R. (2019). Development of Theater Education Textbook with Character Education and Local Wisdom through Active Learning to Improve the Students’ Script Writing Ability. VNU Journal of Science: Education Research, 35(3).

Laili, M. (2017). Integrating character education and local wisdom in developing English teaching material. Education and Human Development Journal, 2(2).

Doungwilai, D., & Limmanee, P. (2017). Developing a learning management with local wisdom integration, to improve reading and writing skills. New Trends And Issues Proceedings On Humanities And Social Sciences, 4(1), 317-322.

Ridho, S., Wardani, S., & Saptono, S. (2020). Development of Local Wisdom Digital Books to Improve Critical Thinking Skills through Problem Based Learning. Journal of Innovative Science Education, 9(3), 1-7.

Bertrand, J. (2004). Nationalism and ethnic conflict in Indonesia. Cambridge University Press.

Widyanti, A., Susanti, L., Sutalaksana, I. Z., & Muslim, K. (2015). Ethnic differences in Indonesian anthropometry data: Evidence from three different largest ethnics. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 47, 72-78.

Riany, Y. E., Meredith, P., & Cuskelly, M. (2017). Understanding the influence of traditional cultural values on Indonesian parenting. Marriage & Family Review, 53(3), 207-226.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE)
p-ISSN: 2252-8822, e-ISSN: 2620-5440

View IJERE Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.