Gender of Leaders: Its Influence on Innovative Behaviour

AZIAH ISMAIL, Nor Shafrin Ahmad, Rahimi Che Aman


The purpose of this paper is to examine the different levels of Transformational Leadership between male and female principals and their relationships with teachers' Innovative Work Behaviour (IWB) in Malaysian secondary schools. In total, 477 teachers from various secondary schools are randomly selected as respondents; 218 are female principals, while 259 are males. The results of the study revealed that male principals practice transformational leadership higher than female principals. However, the female principals were highly influential on the teachers’ IWB compared to their male counterparts. This study provides a glimpse of the teachers' innovative behavior improvement resulted from transformational leadership by male and female school principals


Gender; Transformational leadership; Innovative behavior; Educational management; School principals



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