Influencing factors and knowledge gaps on anemia prevention among female students in Indonesia: A qualitative study

Lafi Munira, Pramon Viwattanakulvanid


Adolescents (10-19 years old) are at high risk of developing iron deficiency anemia. Prevalence of anemia in young women in Indonesia was 37.1% which increased to 48.9% in 2018, with the proportion of anemia in the age group of 15-24 years and 25-34 years. The objectives of this study were to understand the influencing factors and gaps of knowledge related anemia prevention among female high school students. This study results can be used as important information for local government and schools to conduct suitable programs to increase female student knowledge, attitude, and practice on anemia prevention. A qualitative case study design was conducted (April-May 2020) among 9 female students (15-18 years old) from two senior high schools in Banjarmasin, Indonesia. Sampling technique used purposive sampling. Registered student who have total study period in the school not less than 6 months and students who refused to participate in this study were excluded. Data collection was used focus group discussion via Whatsapp messenger video call. Data analysis were mixed between content analysis and thematic analysis. Female students admit that they lack the initiative to find out what anemia is even from the internet. With an understanding that is still lacking in relation to anemia, the female student admitted that they did not really know whether preventing anemia was an important thing to do. The provision of iron tablets on a regular basis without being balanced with the provision of education about anemia routinely and comprehensively is something that needs to be improved from the iron tablet delivery program at schools.


Female High School Students; Knowledge; Anemia Prevention; Iron Tablet

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International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE)
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