The measurement model of geo-education among trainee teachers in Malaysia

Mat Rahimi Yusof, Mohd Faiz Mohd Yaakob, Aliff Nawi, Hapini Awang, Dayang Rafidah Syariff M. Fuad, Aizuddin Md Rami

Abstract


This study conducted to develop a measurement model for measuring Geo-Education in Malaysia context. This cross-sectional survey involved 245 trainee teachers in Universities and Institut Pendidikan Guru Malaysia (IPGM). The data collection was made through a set of questionnaires and analyzed using SEM-AMOS. There are four main elements measured, which are loading factors, convergent validity, discriminant validity, and composite reliability. The findings indicated that Geo-Education had a significant contribution to the proposed constructs, namely primer, issues, ecosystem, lifestyle, and cross-curricular elements. A model of Geo-Education was successfully developed in this study using these five constructs, namely primer, issues, ecosystem, lifestyle, and cross-curricular elements. This study also identified twenty-five behaviours of Geo-Education among the trainee teachers in Malaysia. The findings of this study are essential as a guideline for Malaysian teachers to implement the concept of Geo-Education in Malaysia. Additionally, the application of this subject as cross-curricular elements in the Malaysian curriculum is essential to ensure the success of the implementation of Education Sustainable Development (ESD) in the school environment.


Keywords


Elements across the curriculum; Environmental education; Geo-education

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v10i2.20706

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International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE)
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