Promoting students metacognitive awareness and cognitive learning outcomes in science education

Silfia Ilma, Mimien Henie Irawati Al Muhdhar, Fatchur Rohman, Murni Saptasari


This research aims to investigate the effect of Project-based Learning (PjBL), predict-Observe-Explain (POE), and Predict-Observe-Explain based Project (POEP) on metacognitive awareness and cognitive learning outcomes in Biology learning. The research used a pretest-posttest non-equivalent control group design. The experiment was conducted from August to December 2020. The metacognitive awareness questionnaire was applied to measure students metacognitive awareness. Besides, an essay test was used to assess cognitive learning outcomes. The ANCOVA results analysis showed that PjBL, POE, and POEP affected students metacognitive awareness and cognitive learning outcomes in Biology learning with a value of p<0.005. The LSD result were significantly different in improving students metacognitive awareness and cognitive learning outcomes. The POEP class gained the highest posttest score. Therefore, POEP could be applicable to improve students metacognitive awareness and cognitive learning outcomes in Biology learning.


Metacognitive awareness; cognitive learning outcome; predict observe explain; project-based learning; predict observe explain based project



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