The role of family support and internal locus of control in entrepreneurial intention of vocational high school students’

Dewi Niki Annisa, Fatwa Tentama, Khoiruddin Bashori

Abstract


This study aimed to examine the relationship between family support and internal locus of control with entrepreneurial intention in grade XII students attending Muhammadiyah 3 Vocational High School. From 172 grade XI students attending the school, 93 were sampled to participate in the study. This study used a cluster-sampling technique. The data was collected using the entrepreneurial intention scale, the family support scale, and the internal locus of control scale. Multiple regression techniques were used to analyze the data on SPSS 19.0. The results indicate a very significant positive relationship between family support and internal locus of control with entrepreneurial intention, family support with entrepreneurial intention, and internal locus of control with entrepreneurship intention. The contribution of family support and internal locus of control towards entrepreneurial intention is 7.28% and 21.1%.

Keywords


Entrepreneurial intention; Family support; Internal locus of control

References


Central Bureau Statistics, Indonesian Labor Situation February 2018 (in Indonesian). 2018.

G. J. Soputan, “Are Vocational High School Students Ready to be Entrepreneur?,” Innovation of Vocational Technology Education, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 45-49, 2017. https://doi.org/10.17509/invotec.v13i2.8264.

Y. G. D. Utami, “Self-efficacy with Vocational High School Students' Job Readiness (in Indonesian),” Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi Terapan, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 40-52, 2013. https://doi.org/10.22219/jipt.v1i1.1356.

A. Asad, H. M. Ali and U. Islam, “The Relationship between Entrepreneurship Development and Unemployment Reduction in Pakistan,” Global Journal of Management and Business Research, 2014.

W. Naudé, “Entrepreneurship Is Not a Binding Constraint on Growth and Development in The Poorest Countries,” World Development, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 33-44, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2010.05.005.

A. Agung, A. Mukhadis, E. Sutadji and P. Purnomo, “Entrepreneurship Intent on Vocational High School Education: The growth of new Entrepreneurs in Indonesia,” In International Conference on Indonesian Technical Vocational Education and Association (APTEKINDO 2018). Atlantis Press, vol. 201, pp. 279-300, 2018. https://dx.doi.org/10.2991/aptekindo-18.2018.65.

T. Ramayah and Z. Harun, “Entrepreneurial Intention Among University Sains Malaysia (USM) Students,” International Journal of Management and Entrepreneurship, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 8-20, 2005.

M. Gelderen, M. Brand, M. Van Praag, W. Bodewes, E. Poutsman and A. Van Gils, “Explaining Entrepreneurial Intentions by Means of The Theory of Planned Behavior,” Career Development International, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 538-559, 2008. https://doi.org/10.1108/13620430810901688.

A. Rasli, S. U. R. Khan, S. Malekifar and S. Jabeen, “Factors Affecting Entrepreneurial Intention among Graduate Students of Universiti Teknologi Malaysia,” International Journal of Business and Social Science, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 182-188, 2013.

F. Liñán, J. C. Rodríguez-Cohard and J. M. Rueda-Cantuche, “Factors Affecting Entrepreneurial Intention Levels: A Role for Education,” International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 195–218, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11365-010-0154-z.

M. Hou, D. Liu, A. Wu and Z. Yan, “Will Entrepreneurial Intention Directly Lead to Entrepreneurial Behaviour?: A Study Based on The Intermediary Effect of Entrepreneurial Implementation Plan,” In Second International Conference On Economic and Business Management (FEBM 2017). Atlantis Press, vol. 33, pp. 89-95, 2017. https://dx.doi.org/10.2991/febm-17.2017.12.

M. Beynon, P. Jones, D. Pickernell and G. Maas, “Investigating Total Entrepreneurial Activity and Entrepreneurial Intention in Africa Regions Using Fuzzy-Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA),” Small Enterprise Research, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 1–19, 2020. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13215906.2020.1752294.

S. Delanoë-Gueguen and F. Liñán, “A Longitudinal Analysis of The Influence of Career Motivations on Entrepreneurial Intention and Action,” Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences / Revue Canadienne Des Sciences de l’Administration, vol. 36, no. 4, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1002/cjas.1515.

T. Moi, Y. L. Adeline and M. L. Dyana, “Young Adult Responses to Entrepreneurial Intent,” Researchers World, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 37-52, 2011.

N. Ozaralli and N. K. Rivenburgh, “Entrepreneurial Intention: Antecedents to Entrepreneurial Behavior in The U.S.A. and Turkey,” Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 2016. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40497-016-0047-x.

R. Hu and Y. Ye, “Do Entrepreneurial Alertness and Self-Efficacy Predict Chinese Sports Major Students' Entrepreneurial Intention?,” Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, vol. 45, no. 7, pp. 1187-1196, 2017. https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.6356.

K. Alammari, R. Newbery, M. Y. Haddoud and E. Beaumont, “Post-Materialistic Values and Entrepreneurial Intention–The Case of Saudi Arabia,” Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 158-179, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1108/JSBED-12-2017-0386.

V. K. Nsahlai, L. J. Zogli, E. Lawa and B. I. Dlamini, “Factors Influencing Entrepreneurial Intention: A Case of Students in A South African University,” Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 1-10, 2020.

J. H. Son, K. B. Jung and N. Y. Lee, “The Impact of Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy on the Entrepreneurial Intention of Preliminary Social Entrepreneurs and General Entrepreneurs: The Moderating Effect of Social Support,” Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 89-104, 2018.

N. Shiri, D. Mohammadi and S. M. Hosseini, “Entrepreneurial Intention of Agricultural Students: Effects of Role Model, Social Support, Social Norms and Perceived Desirability,” Archives of Applied Science Research, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 892-897, 2012.

M. B. A. Kadir, M. Salim and H. Kamarudin, “The Relationship between Educational Support and Entrepreneurial Intentions in Malaysian Higher Learning Institution,” Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 69, pp. 2164-2173, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.12.182.

S.E. Taylor, Social Support: A Review. In: M.S. Friedman, (Ed.), The Handbook of Health Psychology. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, pp. 189–214, 2011.

L. F. Edelman, T. Manolova, G. Shirokova and T. Tsukanova, “The Impact of Family Support on Young Entrepreneurs' Start-Up Activities,” Journal of Business Venturing, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 428-448, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2016.04.003.

M. M. Friedman, V. R. Bowden and E. G. Jones, Family Nursing Textbooks: Research, Theory, and Practice (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Egc, 2010.

R. A. Baron and D. Byrne, Social Psychology (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Erlangga, 2005.

B. Smet, Health Psychology (in Indonesian). Jakarta: PT. Grasindo, 2004.

E. P. Sarafino and T. W. Smith, Health Psychology. Eight Edition. USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.

P. Jaskiewicz, J. G. Combs and S. B. Rau, “Entrepreneurial Legacy: Toward A Theory of How Some Family Firms Nurture Transgenerational Entrepreneurship,” Journal of Business Venturing, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 29-49, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2014.07.001.

M. A. Sahban, M. Kumar and S. S. Ramalu, “Instrument Development: Entrepreneurial Social Support Assessment Instrument (IESSA),” Research Journal of Economics & Business Studies, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 21-36, 2015.

J. G. Harris, Self-Esteem, Family Support, Peer Support, and Depressive Symptomatology: A Correlational Descriptive Study of Pregnant Adolescents. Dissertation: Georgia State University, 2006.

L. Altinay, M. Madanoglu, R. Daniele and C. Lashley, “The Influence of Family Tradition and Psychological Traits on Entrepreneurial Intention,” International Journal of Hospitality Management, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 489-499, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2011.07.007/

A. T. Karabulut, “Personality Traits on Entrepreneurial Intention,” Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 229, pp. 12-21, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.07.109.

A. Phares, Locus of Control, Personality. New Jersey: General Learning Press, 2016.

H. M. Lefcourt, Locus of Control: Current Trends in Theory and Research. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2001.

A. I. Muslimah and Nurhalimah, “Aggressiveness in Terms of Internal Locus of Control in Students of SMP Negeri 1 Bekasi and Students of SMA 1 Patriot in Bekasi (in Indonesian),” Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi Terapan, vol. 5 no. 2, pp. 34-54, 2012.

R. Kreitner and A. Kinicki, Organizational Behavior (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Salemba Empat, 2005.

S. P. Robbins and T. A. Judge, Organizational Behaviour. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 2007.

H. M. Lefcourt, Locus of Control: Current Trends in Theory and Research. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2001.

M. Entrialgo, E. Fernández and C. J. Vázquez, “Characteristics of Managers as Determinants of Entrepreneurial Orientation: Some Spanish Evidence,” Enterprise and Innovation Management Studies, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 187-205, 2000. https://doi.org/10.1080/14632440050119596/

S. Kristiansen and N. Indarti, “Entrepreneurial Intention among Indonesian and Norwegian Students,” Journal of Enterprising Culture, vol. 12, no. 01, pp. 55-78, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1142/S021849580400004X.

R. Remeikiene, G. Startiene and D. Dumciuviene, “Explaining Entrepreneurial Intention of University Students: The Role of Entrepreneurial Education,” Active Citizenship by Knowledge Management & Innovation: Proceedings of the Management, Knowledge and Learning International Conference 2013, pp. 299-307, 2013.

F. Tentama and F. Abdussalam, “Internal Locus of Control and Entrepreneurial Intention: A Study on Vocational High School Students,” Journal of Education and Learning (EduLearn), vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 97-102, 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.11591/edulearn.v14i1.13999.

M. Gelderen, M. Brand, M. Van Praag, W. Bodewes, E. Poutsman and A. Van Gils, “Explaining Entrepreneurial Intentions by Means of The Theory of Planned Behavior,” Career Development International, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 538-559, 2008. https://doi.org/10.1108/13620430810901688.

S. C. Mat, S. M. Maat and N. Mohd, “Identifying Factors that Affecting The Entrepreneurial Intention among Engineering Technology Students,” Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 211, pp. 1016-1022.

Iskandarini, “The Impact of Entrepreneurial Barrier toward Entrepreneurial Intention for Decreasing Unemployment through Community Empowerment,” Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 115, pp. 166-174,2014. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.11.135.

M. B. A. Kadir, M. Salim and H. Kamarudin, “The Relationship between Educational Support and Entrepreneurial Intentions in Malaysian Higher Learning Institution,” Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 69, pp. 2164-2173, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.12.182.

R. Badri and N. Hachicha, “Entrepreneurship Education and Its Impact on Students’ Intention to Start Up: A Sample Case Study of Students from Two Tunisian Universities,” The International Journal of Management Education, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 182–190. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijme.2019.02.004.

F. B. Zapkau, C. Schwens, H. Steinmetz and R. Kabst, “Disentangling The Effect of Prior Entrepreneurial Exposure on Entrepreneurial Intention,” Journal of Business Research, vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 639-653, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2014.08.007.

M. R. M, Ahmed and K. Kayat, “Examining The Moderating Effect of Entrepreneurship Education on The Relationship between Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy, Family Support, Friends Support and Entrepreneurial Intention of Final Year Female Tourism Undergraduate Students in Egypt,” Journal of Global Economics, Management and Business Research, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 1-21, 2020.

A. Periera, N. A. Mashabi and M. Muhariati, “The influence of parental support on children's interest in entrepreneurship (in students of SMK Strada Koja, North Jakarta) (in Indonesian),” JKKP (Jurnal Kesejahteraan Keluarga dan Pendidikan), vol. 4, no. 02, pp. 70-76, 2017. https://doi.org/10.21009/JKKP.042.04.

M. S. Farooq, M. Salam, S. Rehman, A. Fayolle, N. Jaafar and K. Ayupp, “Impact of Support from Social Network on Entrepreneurial Intention of Fresh Business Graduates,” Education + Training, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 335–353, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1108/et-06-2017-0092.

D. Turker and S. S. Selcuk, “Which Factors Affect Entrepreneurial Intention of University Students?,” Journal of European Industrial Training, vol. 33 no. 2, pp. 142-15, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1108/03090590910939049.

I. Ajzen, “Perceived Behavioral Control, Self‐Efficacy, Locus of Control, and The Theory of Planned Behavior,” Journal of Applied Social Psychology, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 665-683, 2002. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.2002.tb00236.x.

F. Liñán and F. J. Santos, “Does Social Capital Affect Entrepreneurial Intentions?,” International Advances in Economic Research, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 443-453, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11294-007-9109-8.

Y. Chen and Y. He, “The Impact of Strong Ties on Entrepreneurial Intention,” Journal of Chinese Entrepreneurship, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 147–158, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1108/17561391111144573.

H. M. Gelaidan and A. O. Abdullateef, “Entrepreneurial Intentions of Business Students in Malaysia,” Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 54–67, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1108/jsbed-06-2016-0078.

C. Odoardi, M. Galletta, A. Battistelli and N. Cangialosi, “Effects of Beliefs, Motivation and Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy on Entrepreneurial Intentions: The Moderating Role of Family Support,” Roczniki Psychologiczne/Annals of Psychology, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 185-205, 2019.

O. Brunel, E. M. Laviolette and M. Radu-Lefebvre, “Role Models and Entrepreneurial Intention: The Moderating Effects of Experience, Locus of Control and Self-Esteem,” Journal of Enterprising Culture, vol. 25, no. 02, pp. 149-177, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0218495817500066.

A. Göksel, “Gender, Business Education, Family Background and Personal Traits: A Multi Dimensional Analysis of their Affects on Entrepreneurial Propensity: Findings from Turkey,” International Journal of Business and Social Science, vol. 2, no. 13, pp. 35-48, 2011.

T. Hsiung, “Satisfaction with Entrepreneurial Education and Entrepreneurial Intention: The Moderating Role of Internal Locus of Control,” International Journal of Education and Research, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 139-146, 2018.

E. Gurel, L. Altinay and R. Daniele, “Tourism Students’ Entrepreneurial Intentions,” Annals of Tourism Research, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 646-669, 2010.

J. R. Baum, M. Frese and R. A. Baron, Born to be an Entrepreneur? Revisiting the Personality Approach to Entrepreneurship in the Psychology of Entrepreneurship (pp. 73-98). Psychology Press.

M. Obschonka, R. K. Silbereisen and E. Schmitt-Rodermund, “Entrepreneurial Intention as Developmental Outcome,” Journal of Vocational Behavior, vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 63-72, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2010.02.008.

F. Tentama, S. A. Mulasari, Subardjo and S. Widiasari, “Entrepreneurship Education to Improve Entrepreneurship Intention,” Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 62-168, 2019. https://doi.org/10.18510/hssr.2019.7325.

F. Tentama and T. H. Paputungan, “Entrepreneurial Intention of Students Reviewed from Self-Efficacy and Family Support in Vocational High School,” International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 557-562, 2019. http://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v8i3.20240.

F. Tentama, R. Jiamsari, L. Efliyulia and S. L. Qodrati, “Students’ Entrepreneurial Intention Viewed from Subjective Norms and Hardiness in Vocational High Schools in Yogyakarta,” International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, vol. 8, no. 12, pp. 2820-2824, 2019.

S. A. Mulasari, F. Tentama, Subardjo, Sulistyawati, D. R. Kusuma and T. W. Sukesi, “Entrepreneurial Behavior in Entrepreneurial Pioneer in Ngalang Village,” International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, vol. 8, no. 12, pp. 2038-2045, 2019.




DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v10i2.20934
Total views : 178 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE)
p-ISSN: 2252-8822, e-ISSN: 2620-5440

View IJERE Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.