Teacher evaluation by different internal evaluators: heads of departments, teachers themselves, peers and students

Talal S Almutairi, Nawaf S Shraid


This study analyses teacher evaluation in school, through involving different internal evaluators, in order to determine the extent to which they evaluate teacher performance accurately and objectively. Evaluation survey instruments are used in this study, which are designed based the criteria of existing teacher evaluation system in the context, along with other criteria for evaluating teachers. The sample of this study includes teachers, heads of departments and students from high schools in 4 different districts in Kuwait, received responses as follow: 100 from heads of department, 100 from teachers ‘self-evaluation’, 100 from peer and 912 from students. The findings show that there is no significant difference between teachers’ self-evaluation and heads of departments’ evaluation. On the other hand, this study finds that subjectivism and competition may have an effect on peer evaluation and students may over-evaluate their teachers’ performance as attempt to draw a better picture of their teachers in front of evaluators.


Teacher evaluation, Self-evaluation, Peer-Evaluation, Student Evaluation, Quality teaching.



J. Nolan and L. Hoover, Teacher supervision and evaluation: Theory into practice, 2 ed., Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2008.

T. Almutairi, "Teacher Evaluation in Kuwait-Evaluation of the Current System and Consideration of Risk-Based Analysis as a Principle for Further Development", Doctoral dissertation, Durham University., Durham, UK, 2016.

T. Almutairi, P. Tymms and P. Kind, "The tools of teacher evaluation: What should be used in teacher evaluation from the teachers’ perspective.," in International business and education conferences proceedings, London, UK, 2015.

R. Berk, "Survey of 12 strategies to measure teaching effectiveness," International journal of teaching and learning in higher education, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 48-62, 2005.

X. Zhang, "The role of teacher appraisal in teacher professional development: A case study in schools in Shanghai", Doctoral dissertation, The University of Hong Kong., Pokfulam, Hong Kong, 2008.

C. DePascale, "Managing multiple measures," Principal, vol. 91, no. 5, pp. 6-10, 2012.

A. Burnett, E. Cushing and L. Bivona, Uses of multiple measures for performance-based compensation, Washington, DC: Center for Educator Compensation Reform, 2012.

C. Barnett, H. Matthews and R. Jackson, "A Comparison between student ratings and faculty self-ratings of instructional effectiveness," American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, vol. 67, no. 4, pp. 1-6, 2003.

G. Eid, "Teacher evaluation in high School in Kuwait: A comparative study of self-evaluation, student evaluation and heads of departments.," Educational Journal: Kuwait University, vol. 19, no. 76, pp. 79-149., 2005.

S. Liu and C. Teddlie, "A follow-up study on teacher evaluation in China: Historical analysis and latest trends," Journal of Personnel Evaluation in Education, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 253-272, 2005.

K. Peterson, C. Wahlquist and K. Bone, "Student surveys for school teacher evaluation," Journal of Personnel Evaluation in Education, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 135-153., 2000.

A. Salih, "Peer evaluation of teaching or fear evaluation: In search of compatibility," Higher Education Studies, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 102-114, 2013.

R. Eri, " Peer observation of teaching: Reflections of an early career academic," Universal Journal of Educational Research, vol. 2, no. 9, pp. 625-631., 2014.

C. Fernandez and J. Yu, "Peer review of teaching," Journal of Chiropractic Education, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 154-161., 2007.

J. Blackmore, "A Critical evaluation of peer review via teaching observation within higher education," International Journal of Educational Management, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 218-232, 2005.

M. Joshua,, A. Joshua, B. Bassey and I. Akubuiro, "Attitude of Nigerian secondary school teachers to peer evaluation of teachers.," Teacher Development: An international journal of teachers' professional development., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 331-341, 2006.

S. Johnson and S. Fiarman, "The potential of peer review," Educational Leadership, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 20-25., 2012.

L. Goe, C. Bell and O. Little, Approaches to evaluating teacher effectiveness: A research synthesis., Washington, DC: National Comprehensive Centre for Teacher Quality, 2008.

K. Looft, "Teachers’ perceptions of the evaluation process", Doctoral dissertation, University of Georgia., Athens, U.S, 2002.

J. Best and J. Kahn, Research in education, 10 ed., Boston: Pearson Education., 2006.

L. Cohen, L. Manion and K. Morrison, Research method in education, 6 ed., London: Routledge., 2007.

Kuwait Teachers Society, "Guidance and the policy of teacher evaluation: Number 36/2006," Kuwait Teacher Society Journal, vol. June, no. 1586, pp. 1-15, 2010.

E. Iwanicki, "Evaluation in supervision," in The handbook of research on school supervision, G. Firth and E. Pajak , Eds., New York, Macmillan Reference Library, 1998.

C. Danielson, Enhancing professional practice: A framework for teaching, Alexandria, VA: ASCD., 2007.

W. Ribas, Teacher evaluation that works: The educational, legal, public relations [political] & social-emotional [E.L.P.S] standards & processes of effective supervision & evaluation, 2 ed., Westwood, MA: Ribas Publications, 2005.

P. Tymms, "Questionnaire," in Research methods and methodologies in education, J. Arthur, M. Waring, R. Coe and L. Hedges, Eds., London, SAGE., 2012.

J. Fraenkel, N. Wallen and H. Hyun, How to design and evaluate research in education, 8 ed., New York: McGraw-Hill., 2012.

R. Thorndike and T. Thorndike-Christ, Measurement and evaluation in psychology and education, 8 ed., London: Pearson Education., 2010.

J. Creswell, Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research, 4 ed., Boston: Pearson Education., 2012.

D. Cooper and P. Schindler, Business research methods, 7 ed., New York: McGraw, 2001.

K. Schultz and D. Latif, "The planning and implementation of a faculty peer review teaching project.," American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 1-6, 2006.

S. Golparian, J. Chan and A. Cassidy, "Peer review of teaching: Sharing best practices," Collected Essays on Learning and Teaching, vol. 8, no. 2015, pp. 211-218., 2015.

V. Nikolic, Self-evaluation and improved teaching practice., USA: ERIC Document Reproduction Services. , 2002.

C. Mertler, "Students as stakeholders in Teacher evaluation; teacher perceptions of a formative feedback model," Annual Meeting of the Mid-Western Educational Research Association, Chicago, USA., 1997.

B. Burr, "Student Voices in Teacher Evaluations", Doctoral dissertations, Brigham Young University., Provo, Utah, 2015.

DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v10i2.20838
Total views : 17 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE)
p-ISSN: 2252-8822, e-ISSN: 2620-5440

View IJERE Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.