How classroom design impacts for student learning comfort: Architect perspective on designing classess

Widiastuti Kurnia, Mohamad Joko Susilo, Hanifah Sausan Nurfinaputri

Abstract


This articles investigates classroom design that can impact student learning comfort. This study aims to determine the factors that influence student learning comfort in the classroom and its distribution. This explorative study used 772 students who were elementary school, junior high school, and senior high school students in several Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta schools. Data collection techniques using open questionnaires. The data analysis technique uses qualitative analysis which consists of three stages: open coding, axial coding, and selective coding. The results showed that the factors that influence learning comfort of students in the classroom include: factors of airing, calmness, cleanliness, adequate & supportive facilities, and peer attendance. The distribution of these factors can be grouped into 2: 1) factors originating from the physical environment (building & tread themes and inner room themes); and 2) factors from within its users (human themes). The factor which shows the highest influence comes from the physical conditions in the classroom (inner room themes).

Keywords


Classroom design; Student; Learning; Comfort; Formal school

References


Marwati, “Full day school idea according to experts,” Gajah Mada University, 2016. [Online]. Available: https://ugm.ac.id/en/news/12288-full.day.school.idea.according.to.experts. [Accessed: 22-Feb-2020].

M. Taufik, “Is full-day school the proper system to indonesian education?,” Kompasiana.com, 2019. [Online]. Available: https://www.kompasiana.com/muhamadttaufik/5dbd9fbed541df78df0f10f2/is-full-day-school-the-proper-system-to-indonesian-education?page=all. [Accessed: 22-Feb-2020].

A. Aziz, H. Setiawan, and S. Mahendra W.A., “The impact of implementing full school in Indonesia,” in Proceedings of National Seminar in Education 2017, 2017, no. April, pp. 248–260.

I. Iftayani and Nurhidayati, “Self concept, self esteem and school system: The study of comparation between fullday school and halfday school in purworejo,” Guid. J. Gudance Couns., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 53–60, 2016, doi: 10.24127/gdn.v6i1.410.

N. Librianty, “Full day school education management in 002 Bangkinang, Kampar Regency City,” J. Basicedu, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 69–76, 2018, doi: 10.31004/basicedu.v2i1.27.

O. Adedamola, D. Daniel, and A. Ayudele, “Comparative analysis of students’ satisfaction with classroom facilities in nigerian private universities,” J. Stud. Educ., vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 242–257, 2015, doi: 10.5296/jse.v5i4.8442.

P. Barrett, F. Davies, Y. Zhang, and L. Barrett, “The impact of classroom design on pupils’ learning: Final results of aholistic, multi-level analysis,” Build. Environ., vol. 89, no. Juli, pp. 118–133, 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2015.02.013.

S. Cheryan, S. A. Ziegler, V. C. Plaut, and A. N. Meltzoff, “Designing classrooms to maximize student achievement,” Behav. Brain Sci., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 4–12, 2014, doi: 10.1177/2372732214548677.

Jumiati and Lababa, “The implementation of reinforcement education character at elementary school qur’ani al-ikhlash rappang sidenreng sappang regency,” J. Ris. Pendidik. Dasar, vol. 02, no. 2, pp. 81–88, 2019.

M. Novita, “Good facilities and infrastructure become the spearhead of the success of Islamic educational institutions,” NUR EL-ISLAM J. Pendidik. dan Sos. Keagamaan, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 97–129, 2017.

Gunawan and F. Ananda, “The thermal comfort aspect of the study room of a public high school building in the District of Saber,” J. INOVTEKPOLBENG, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 98–103, 2017.

C. Buonocore, R. De Vecchi, V. Scalco, and R. Lamberts, “Thermal preference and comfort assessment in air-conditioned and naturally-ventilated university classrooms under hot and humid conditions in Brazil,” Energy Build., vol. 211, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2020.109783.

D. Lucardie, “The impact of fun and enjoyment on adult’s learning,” Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci., vol. 142, pp. 439–446, 2014, doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.07.696.

M. Bustari, “Optimizing classroom rehabilitation in supporting the implementation of 9-year compulsory education,” J. Manaj. Pendidik., vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 76–90, 2016.

Law on the Republic of Indonesia’s national education system number 20, Law on the Republic of Indonesia’s national education system number 20. Jakarta, 2003.

W. Laksono, “Report of guided field practice activities (PLT): Location of junior high school 15 Yogyakarta,” Yogyakarta, 2017.

T. M. Amirin, W. Wijayanti, and C. S. A. Jabar, “Human and materials resources conditions of the ‘less favorite’ public secondary schools in Yogyakarta,” J. Penelit. Ilmu Pendidik., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 1–11, 2016, doi: 10.21831/jpipfip.v9i1.10686.

L. Ambarsari, “The convenience of student learning in grades IV SD Negeri throughout the Pakualaman sub-district in the 2014/2015 school year,” Yogyakarta State University, 2015.

H. Khatimah, “A description of school well-being among students in the acceleration class program in SMA Negeri 8 Yogyakarta,” Psikopedagogia, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 20–30, 2015.

W. Widodo, “Realizing the convenience of student learning, enjoyable learning, and meaningful learning in elementary school,” Ar-Risalah, vol. XVIII, no. 2, pp. 22–37, 2016.

S. Jing, Y. Lei, H. Wang, C. Song, and X. Yan, “Thermal comfort and energy-saving potential in university classrooms during the heating season,” Energy Build., vol. 202, p. 109390, Nov. 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2019.109390.

N. Prasetya, “Study of the interior aspects of the study and play spaces in kindergartens in Surakarta,” Dimens. Inter., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 23–32, 2012, doi: 10.9744/interior.10.1.23-32.

E. Kahya, “Mismatch between classroom furniture and anthropometric measures of university students,” Int. J. Ind. Ergon., vol. 74, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.ergon.2019.102864.

S. Kumar, M. K. Singh, A. Mathur, J. Mathur, and S. Mathur, “Evaluation of comfort preferences and insights into behavioural adaptation of students in naturally ventilated classrooms in a tropical country, India,” Build. Environ., vol. 143, no. October, pp. 532–547, Oct. 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2018.07.035.

J. W. Creswell, Research Design Qualitative, Quantitative, And Mixed Methods Approaches, 3rd ed. California: SAGE Publication, 2008.

L. Groat and D. Wang, Architectural Research Methods. New York: John Wiley & Sons Inc, 2002.

J. W. Creswell, Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approach, 2nd ed. SAGE Publication, Inc., 1997.

S. S. Napitupulu, “Effect of building orientation and wind speed on the shape and dimensions of the filter on the facade of the apartment building (case study: Marunda flats, cilincing, Jakarta),” E-Journal Grad. Unpar, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 75–89, 2014.

R. D. Nur’aini, “Space for early childhood in the indoor learning space in the Ratnaningsin Yogyakarta playgroup,” in Seminar Nasional Riset Arsitektur dan Perencanaan (SERAP) 3, 2014, no. 22-23 August, pp. 85–96.

H. Mufrizon, “Architecture and space for children in the environment,” Ultim. J. Komun. Vis., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 39–47, 2018, doi: 10.31937/ultimart.v9i2.750.

Regulation of the Minister of National Education of the Republic of Indonesia Number 24, Regulation of the Minister of National Education of the Republic of Indonesia. Jakarta, 2007.

World Health Organization, The physical school environment: An essential component of a health-promoting school. USA: World Health Organization, 2004.

R. M. Tamara, “The role of the social environment towards the formation of a caring attitude for students in high school in Cianjur district,” Gea J. Pendidik. Geogr., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 44–55, 2016.

N. Hidayati, “Students’ perception of environmental cleanliness at SDN 51 Banda Aceh,” J. Ilm. Mhs. Prodi PGSD FKIP Unsyiah, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 78–87, 2016.

S. S. Putri, M. Japar, and R. Bagaskorowati, “Increasing ecoliteracy and student creativity in waste utilization,” Int. J. Eval. Res. Educ., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 255–264, 2019, doi: 10.11591/ijere.v8i2.18901.

N. Mercer, S. Hennessy, and P. Warwick, “Dialogue, thinking together and digital technology in the classroom: Some educational implications of a continuing line of inquiry,” Int. J. Educ. Res., vol. 97, no. March 2017, pp. 187–199, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.ijer.2017.08.007.

A. Salehi, “Teacher and student interactions and characteristics from critical theorists school,” Int. J. Eval. Res. Educ., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 313–317, 2019, doi: 10.11591/ijere.v8i2.17926.

M. Jowkar, H. B. Rijal, J. Brusey, A. Montazami, S. Carlucci, and T. C. Lansdown, “Comfort temperature and preferred adaptive behaviour in various classroom types in the UK higher learning environments,” Energy Build., vol. 211, p. 109814, Mar. 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2020.109814.

M. K. Singh, R. Ooka, H. B. Rijal, S. Kumar, A. Kumar, and S. Mahapatra, “Progress in thermal comfort studies in classrooms over last 50 years and way forward,” Energy Build., vol. 188–189, no. April, pp. 149–174, Apr. 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2019.01.051.

Nuryaman and S. Zulviah, “The influence of instrumental music playback on the comfort of reading readers in the library of the University of Muhammadiyah Sukabumi,” Berk. Ilmu Perpust. dan Inf., vol. 15, no. 1, p. 60, 2019, doi: 10.22146/bip.41785.

D. Wang, J. Jiang, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, Y. Xu, and J. Liu, “Student responses to classroom thermal environments in rural primary and secondary schools in winter,” Build. Environ., vol. 115, pp. 104–117, Apr. 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2017.01.006.




DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v9i3.20566
Total views : 139 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE)
p-ISSN: 2252-8822, e-ISSN: 2620-5440

View IJERE Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.