Bullying at School: Associated with Peers’ Influence and Gender-based Differences among Junior High Students

Erni Gustina, Maria Ulfah

Abstract


This study aims at investigating whether communication patterns and peer involvement can be the predictors of adolescent bullying and whether there are differences in the gender of adolescents with bullying involvement. This study involved 193 adolescents of grade 8 and 9 senior high schools with the most adolescents of 14 years old who had filled in modified questionnaires. The results showed the prevalence of adolescent involvement in bullying which was 62.69%. Parental communication patterns have an OR value = 1.644 (95% CI = 0.872-3.099; p = 0.13). Peers involvement in bullying behavior (OR = 1.921 95% CI = 1.009-3.655; p = 0.04). Adolescent girls were more involved in bullying behavior (59.59%) compared to adolescent boys (OR = 3.324; 95% CI = 1.690-6.538; p = 0.001). Poor parental communication patterns, peers influence negatively predict to the bullying behavior in an adolescent. Bullying is higher in boys than girls whereas boys has a greater chance of bullying than girls. Therefore, bullying intervention programs are needed in schools

Keywords


Bullying School Peers’ Influence Gender-based Difference Adolescent

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v9i3.20437
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